Brahim Tighilet

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In physiological conditions, neurogenesis occurs in restricted regions of the adult mammalian brain, giving rise to integrated neurons into functional networks. In pathological or postlesional conditions neurogenesis and astrogenesis can also occur, as demonstrated in the deafferented vestibular nuclei after immediate unilateral vestibular neurectomy (UVN)(More)
Recent findings revealed a reactive neurogenesis after lesions and in several models of disease. After unilateral vestibular neurectomy (UVN), we previously reported gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons are upregulated in the vestibular nuclei (VN) in the adult cat. Here, we ask whether this upregulation of GABAergic neurons resulted from a reactive(More)
Most patients with unilateral vestibular loss exhibit a similar static and dynamic vestibular syndrome consisting of vestibulo-ocular, posturolocomotor, and perceptive deficits. This vestibular syndrome recovers more or less completely and more or less rapidly over time. One open question is whether recovery mechanisms differ according to vestibular(More)
Subcortical and corticothalamic inputs excite thalamic neurons via a diversity of glutamate receptor subtypes. Differential expression of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA), kainate, and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits (GluR1-4; GluR5-7; NR1, NR2A-D) on a nucleus- and cell type-specific basis was examined by(More)
This study analysed the effects of betahistine and thioperamide, two histamine H(3) receptor antagonists, on the recovery process after unilateral vestibular neurectomy (UVN) in the cat. In UVN animals untreated or treated with betahistine or thioperamide, recovery was evaluated by recording the horizontal spontaneous nystagmus and the postural and(More)
Ménière's disease and related disease of the vestibular system are common and debilitating. Current therapy is multi-modal and includes drug therapy and lifestyle adaptations. Unfortunately many of the drugs used in treatment (particularly those used to control nausea) are sedative and hamper the process of vestibular compensation. Although betahistine(More)
Unilateral lesion of the vestibular system induces posturo-locomotor deficits that are compensated for with time. Drug therapy is currently used to improve the recovery process and to facilitate vestibular compensation. Betahistine dihydrochloride is an histamine-like substance that has been employed in vestibular pathology; it was found effective in many(More)
Immediate early genes are generally expressed in response to sensory stimulation or deprivation and can be used for mapping brain functional activity and studying the molecular events underlying CNS plasticity. We immunohistochemically investigated Fos protein induction in the cat brainstem after unilateral vestibular neurectomy (UVN), with special(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry and immunocytochemistry were used to study localization and activity-dependent regulation of alpha, beta, gamma, and delta isoforms of type II calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMKII) and their mRNAs in areas 17 and 18 of normal and monocularly deprived adult macaques. CaMKII-alpha is expressed overall at(More)