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Recent findings revealed a reactive neurogenesis after lesions and in several models of disease. After unilateral vestibular neurectomy (UVN), we previously reported gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons are upregulated in the vestibular nuclei (VN) in the adult cat. Here, we ask whether this upregulation of GABAergic neurons resulted from a reactive(More)
Subcortical and corticothalamic inputs excite thalamic neurons via a diversity of glutamate receptor subtypes. Differential expression of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA), kainate, and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits (GluR1-4; GluR5-7; NR1, NR2A-D) on a nucleus- and cell type-specific basis was examined by(More)
Histamine is likely involved in vestibular function recovery since histaminergic medications are effective in vestibular-related syndromes. We investigated the histamine immunoreactivity changes after unilateral vestibular neurectomy and the effects of betahistine (a partial histamine H1 receptor agonist and an histamine H3 receptor antagonist) and(More)
In physiological conditions, neurogenesis occurs in restricted regions of the adult mammalian brain, giving rise to integrated neurons into functional networks. In pathological or postlesional conditions neurogenesis and astrogenesis can also occur, as demonstrated in the deafferented vestibular nuclei after immediate unilateral vestibular neurectomy (UVN)(More)
Most patients with unilateral vestibular loss exhibit a similar static and dynamic vestibular syndrome consisting of vestibulo-ocular, posturolocomotor, and perceptive deficits. This vestibular syndrome recovers more or less completely and more or less rapidly over time. One open question is whether recovery mechanisms differ according to vestibular(More)
The histaminergic projection in the cat brain originates from neurones located in the tuberomammillary nucleus. The distribution of histaminergic axonal fibres was investigated immunohistochemically in the vestibular nuclei of the cat using an antibody to histamine. Labelled fibres were sparsely distributed in the whole vestibular nuclei complex and were(More)
Immediate early genes are generally expressed in response to sensory stimulation or deprivation and can be used for mapping brain functional activity and studying the molecular events underlying CNS plasticity. We immunohistochemically investigated Fos protein induction in the cat brainstem after unilateral vestibular neurectomy (UVN), with special(More)
Recent neurochemical investigations of the central vestibular pathways have demonstrated that several neurotransmitters are involved in various operations required for stabilizing posture and gaze. Neurons of the vestibular nuclei (VN) receive GABAergic inhibitory afferents, and GABAergic neurons distributed throughout the vestibular complex are implicated(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry and immunocytochemistry were used to map distributions of cells expressing mRNAs encoding alpha, beta, gamma, and delta isoforms of type II calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMKII), alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazoleproprionate (AMPA)/ kainate receptor subunits, (GluR1-7), and N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)