Brahim K. Bookhart

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BACKGROUND Diabetes and hypertension are the 2 major causes of endstage renal disease. The rate of chronic kidney disease (CKD) secondary to diabetes and/or hypertension is on the rise, and the related health care costs represent a significant economic burden. OBJECTIVE To quantify from a health system perspective the incremental direct all-cause health(More)
BACKGROUND Venous thromboembolism (VTE), comprised of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is commonly treated with a low-molecular-weight heparin such as enoxaparin plus a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) to prevent recurrence. Administration of enoxaparin + VKA is hampered by complexities of laboratory monitoring and frequent dose(More)
PURPOSE Published evidence on quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes and health care costs in patients with postthrombotic syndrome (PTS), a common and difficult-to-diagnose complication of venous thromboembolism (VTE), is reviewed. SUMMARY Occurring in as many as 70% of patients with VTE, PTS remains a challenging and costly disorder, partly due to the lack of a(More)
BACKGROUND The Pharmacy Quality Alliance (PQA) recently endorsed adherence to non-warfarin anticoagulant agents as a new performance measure, but the Medicare Part D Star Ratings program has not yet adopted the measure. The current study aims to assess the real-world adherence to medication of patients who used non-vitamin-K-antagonist oral anticoagulants(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services issued a national coverage determination that limited erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) utilization in patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia (CIA). This study evaluated the impact of limiting the use of ESAs for CIA on the US blood supply margin. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A(More)
It was the objective of this study to quantify the risk of complications and the incremental health care costs associated with recurrent VTE events. Health care insurance claims from the Ingenix IMPACT database from 01/2004-09/2008 were analysed. Subjects aged ≥18 years on the date of first recurrent VTE diagnosis with ≥12 months of baseline observation(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of the current study were twofold. First, this study examined the prevalence of anemia in nursing home residents in the USA and its relationship with key resident characteristics and medical conditions. Second, the study explored whether an association between anemia and falls is evident in this same population. RESEARCH DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND CMS Star Ratings help inform beneficiaries about the performance of health and drug plans. Medication adherence is currently weighted at nearly half of a Part D plan's Star Ratings. Including the adherence to non-vitamin-K-antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) as a measure in the Star Ratings program may increase a plan's incentives to improve(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare real-world dosing patterns, drug costs, and hematologic outcome in anemic chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, not receiving dialysis, who switched from darbepoetin alfa (DARB) to epoetin alfa (EPO) in a community practice setting. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This retrospective observational chart review from a US nephrology clinic(More)
PURPOSE Clinical and resource-utilization outcomes associated with warfarin anticoagulation after major orthopedic surgery were evaluated. METHODS Consecutive patients who received postsurgical prophylaxis with warfarin within 24 hours of total knee replacement (TKR) or total hip replacement (THR) surgery and who were referred to and had outpatient(More)