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Telomeric DNA of mammalian chromosomes consists of several kilobase-pairs of tandemly repeated sequences with a terminal 3' overhang in single-stranded form. Maintaining the integrity of these repeats is essential for cell survival; telomere attrition is associated with chromosome instability and cell senescence, whereas stabilization of telomere length(More)
Mice carrying mutations at the W locus located on chromosome 5 are characterized by severe macrocytic anaemia, lack of hair pigmentation and sterility. Mutations at this locus appear to affect the proliferation and/or migration of cells during early embryogenesis and result in an intrinsic defect in the haematopoietic stem cell hierarchy. An understanding(More)
The proto-oncogene c-kit, a transmembrane tyrosine protein kinase receptor for an unknown ligand, was shown recently to map to the dominant white spotting locus (W) of the mouse. Mutations at the W locus affect various aspects of hematopoiesis, as well as the proliferation and/or migration of primordial germ cells and melanoblasts during development. Here,(More)
Recent in vitro results suggest that the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoparticle (hnRNP) A1 protein modulates alternative splicing by favoring distal 5' splice site (5'SS) selection and exon skipping. We used a mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) cell line (CB3C7) deficient in the expression of hnRNP A1 to test whether variations in hnRNP A1 and AlB protein levels(More)
The mature cells in the haemopoietic system arise as the result of the extensive developmental and proliferative capacity of pluripotential stem cells. In order to understand the molecular basis for these developmental processes, it will be necessary to identify and characterize the cellular genes that control early steps in haemopoiesis. Mutations at the(More)
The hnRNP A1 protein and a shortened derivative (UP1) promote telomere elongation in mammalian cells. In support of a direct role for A1 in telomere biogenesis, we have shown that the recombinant UP1 protein binds to telomeric DNA sequences in vitro, and pulls down telomerase activity from a cell extract. Here we show that A1/UP1 can interact directly with(More)
Two different experimental approaches have provided evidence that both U2 and U1 snRNPs function in pre-mRNA splicing. When the U2 snRNPs in a nuclear extract are selectively degraded using ribonuclease H and either of two deoxyoligonucleotides complementary to U2 RNA, splicing activity is abolished. Mixing an extract in which U2 has been degraded with one(More)
The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 protein and a shortened derivative (UP1) promote telomere elongation in mammalian cells. To gain insights into the function of A1/UP1 in telomere biogenesis, we have investigated the binding properties of recombinant A1/UP1 and derivatives to single-stranded DNA oligonucleotides. Our results indicate that UP1(More)
Protection experiments with antibodies against small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) have elucidated the location of and requirements for interactions between snRNPs and human beta-globin transcripts during splicing in vitro. U2 snRNP association with the intron branch site continues after branch formation, requires intact U2 RNA, and is affected by(More)
A component present in splicing extracts selectively binds the 3' splice site of a precursor messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) transcript of a human beta-globin gene. Since this component can be immunoprecipitated by either autoantibodies of the Sm class or antibodies specifically directed against trimethylguanosine, it is a small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP).(More)