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BACKGROUND Not all cognitively impaired people have dementia, but those who do not meet current criteria for dementia have received little study. We report a comprehensive estimate of the prevalence of "cognitive impairment, no dementia" (CIND) in an elderly population. METHODS The Canadian Study of Health and Aging gathered population representation(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive decline among seniors is a pressing health care issue. Specific exercise training may combat cognitive decline. We compared the effect of once-weekly and twice-weekly resistance training with that of twice-weekly balance and tone exercise training on the performance of executive cognitive functions in senior women. METHODS In this(More)
BACKGROUND Frailty and fitness are important attributes of older persons, but population samples of their prevalence, attributes, and outcomes are limited. METHODS The authors report data from the community-dwelling sample (n = 9008) of the Canadian Study of Health and Aging, a representative, 5-year prospective cohort study. Fitness and frailty were(More)
Standardization of diagnostic procedures for cognitive impairment in large epidemiologic surveys remains difficult. This paper reports results of diagnostic standardization in a subsample of 2,914 elderly (age 65 years+) Canadians from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA; n = 10,263). The objectives were to measure the consistency of the CSHA(More)
Food intake of 30 women over 80 years of age and residing in a long-term care facility was determined for a five-day period using the weighed intake method. Purposes of the study were to examine the contribution to nutrient intake of foods from eight major food groups; to characterize intake by time of day; and to examine the effect of age on nutrient(More)
BACKGROUND Falls are a major health care problem for older people and are associated with cognitive dysfunction. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an increasingly recognized clinical problem. No study has comprehensively compared people with and without MCI for fall risk factors in both the physiological and cognitive domains. OBJECTIVE The purpose of(More)
BACKGROUND Informing patients and families about the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex ethical and practical issue. This qualitative study explores the psychosocial impact of disclosing a diagnosis of AD on patients and family members. METHODS This study identified 14 patients and their accompanying family members undergoing a(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested three hypotheses about the effects of perceived and actual patient deficits on caregiver burden: (1) objective patient deficits directly influence caregiver burden; (2) caregiver burden is the result of caregiver perceptions of patient deficits; (3) objective patient deficits influence caregiver burden indirectly by determining perceived(More)
Online social media is widespread, easily accessible and attracts a global audience with a widening demographic. As a large proportion of adults now seek health information online and through social media applications, communication about health has become increasingly interactive and dynamic. Online health information has the potential to significantly(More)