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Analysis of 84 human X chromosomes for the presence of interrupting AGG trinucleotides within the CGG repeat tract of the FMR1 gene revealed that most alleles possess two interspersed AGGs and that the longest tract of uninterrupted CGG repeats is usually found at the 3' end. Variation in the length of the repeat appears polar. Alleles containing between 34(More)
Group recommended a panel of mutations and variants that should be tested to determine carrier status within the CFTR gene as a part of population screening programs. 1,2 This was initially done in response to the recommendations of an NIH CF Consensus Conference that CF carrier screening be considered by all couples for use before conception or prenatally.(More)
Fragile X syndrome is the most common form of inherited mental retardation and results from the transcriptional inactivation of the FMR1 gene. In the vast majority of cases, this is caused by the expansion of an unstable CGG repeat in the first exon of the FMR1 gene. We describe here a phenotypically atypical case of fragile X syndrome, caused by a deletion(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe, progressive, X-linked muscle-wasting disorder with an incidence of approximately 1/3,500 male births. Females are also affected, in rare instances. The manifestation of mild to severe symptoms in female carriers of dystrophin mutations is often the result of the preferential inactivation of the X chromosome(More)
We have developed a fast and accurate PCR-based linkage and carrier detection protocol for families of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)/Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) patients with or without detectable deletions of the dystrophin gene, using fluorescent PCR products analyzed on an automated sequencer. When a deletion is found in the affected male DMD/BMD(More)
The vast majority of fragile-X full mutations are heavily methylated throughout the expanded CGG repeat and the surrounding CpG island. Hypermethylation initiates and/or stabilizes transcriptional inactivation of the FMR1 gene, which causes the fragile X-syndrome phenotype characterized, primarily, by mental retardation. The relation between repeat(More)
One mission of the ACMG Laboratory Quality Assurance (QA) Committee is to develop standards and guidelines for clinical genetics laboratories, including cytogenetics, biochemical, and molecular genetics specialties. This document was developed under the auspices of the Molecular Subcommittee of the Laboratory QA Committee by the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Working(More)
Preface: The Quality Assurance subcommittee of the ACMG Laboratory Practice committee has the mission of maintaining high technical standards for the performance and interpretation of genetic tests. In part, this is accomplished by the publication of the document " Standards and Guidelines for Clinical Genetics Laboratories, " which was published in its(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is most often the result of a deletion of bands q11.2-q13 of the paternally derived chromosome 15, but it also occurs either because of maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) of this region or, rarely, from a methylation imprinting defect. A significant number of cases are due to structural rearrangements of the pericentromeric region(More)