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Studies using mouse models have established a critical role for resident satellite stem cells in skeletal muscle development and regeneration, but little is known about this paradigm in human muscle. Here, using human muscle stem cells, we address their lineage progression, differentiation, migration, and self-renewal. Isolated human satellite cells(More)
Efficient function at the neuromuscular junction requires high-density aggregates of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) to be precisely aligned with the motor nerve terminal. A collaborative effort between the motor neuron and muscle intrinsic factors drives the formation and maintenance of these AChR aggregates. alpha-Dystrobrevin (alpha DB), a cytoplasmic(More)
Transplanting adult stem cells provides a stringent test for self-renewal and the assessment of comparative engraftment in competitive transplant assays. Transplantation of satellite cells into mammalian skeletal muscle provided the first critical evidence that satellite cells function as adult muscle stem cells. Transplantation of a single satellite cell(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of this study were to determine the role of organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3) in the pharmacological action of metformin and to identify and functionally characterize genetic variants of OCT3 with respect to the uptake of metformin and monoamines. METHODS For pharmacological studies, we evaluated metformin-induced activation of(More)
In skeletal muscle, alpha-dystrobrevin (alphaDB) is expressed throughout the sarcolemma with high concentrations at the neuromuscular junction. Mice lacking alphaDB display a mild muscular dystrophy and perturbations at the neuromuscular junction that include disruptions to acetylcholine receptor (AChR) cluster stability and patterning. In adult skeletal(More)
Adult skeletal muscle adapts to functional needs, maintaining consistent numbers of myonuclei and stem cells. Although resident muscle stem cells or satellite cells are required for muscle growth and repair, in uninjured muscle, these cells appear quiescent and metabolically inactive. To investigate the satellite cell contribution to myofibers in adult(More)
Mutations in collagen, type IV, alpha 1 (COL4A1), a major component of basement membranes, cause multisystem disorders in humans and mice. In the eye, these include anterior segment dysgenesis, optic nerve hypoplasia and retinal vascular tortuosity. Here we investigate the retinal pathology in mice carrying dominant-negative Col4a1 mutations. To this end,(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are essential for self-renewal of skeletal muscle stem cells (satellite cells) and required for maintenance and repair of skeletal muscle. Satellite cells express high levels of FGF receptors 1 and 4, low levels of FGF receptor 3, and little or no detectable FGF receptor 2. Of the multiple FGFs that influence satellite cell(More)
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