Bradley Scott Perrin

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While antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been widely investigated as potential therapeutics, high-resolution structures obtained under biologically relevant conditions are lacking. Here, the high-resolution structures of the homologous 22-residue long AMPs piscidin 1 (p1) and piscidin 3 (p3) are determined in fluid-phase 3:1(More)
Electron transport chains composed of electron transfer reactions mainly between proteins provide fast efficient flow of energy in a variety of metabolic pathways. Reduction potentials are essential characteristics of the proteins because they determine the driving forces for the electron transfers. As both polar and charged groups from the backbone and(More)
Systematic studies on the DNA binding of a new anthracene derivative, carrying a 1,8-octyldiamine side chain, were carried out. Calorimetric, spectroscopic, and helix melting studies show that the side chain, consisting of eight methylene groups, enhances the binding constant by a factor of approximately 35 when compared to the binding of a probe lacking(More)
The oxidation-reduction potentials of electron transfer proteins determine the driving forces for their electron transfer reactions. Although the type of redox site determines the intrinsic energy required to add or remove an electron, the electrostatic interaction energy between the redox site and its surrounding environment can greatly shift the redox(More)
The pH dependence of the reduction potential E° for a metalloprotein indicates that the protonation state of at least one residue near the redox site changes and may be important for its activity. The responsible residue is usually identified by site-specific mutagenesis, which may be time-consuming. Here, the titration of E° for Chromatium vinosum(More)
The reduction potentials of electron transfer proteins are critically determined by the degree of burial of the redox site within the protein and the degree of permanent polarization of the polypeptide around the redox site. Although continuum electrostatics calculations of protein structures can predict the net effect of these factors, quantifying each(More)
A module for fast determination of reduction potentials, E°, of redox-active proteins has been implemented in the CHARMM INterface and Graphics (CHARMMing) web portal (www.charmming.org). The free energy of reduction, which is proportional to E°, is composed of an intrinsic contribution due to the redox site and an environmental contribution due to the(More)
The reduction potential of an electron transfer protein is one of its most important functional characteristics. Although the type of redox site and the protein fold are the major determinants of the reduction potential of a redox-active protein, its amino acid sequence may tune the reduction potential as well. Thus, homologous proteins can often be divided(More)
Contributions of hydroxyethyl functions to the DNA binding affinities of substituted anthracenes are evaluated by calorimetry and spectroscopy. Isothermal titration calorimetry indicated that binding of the ligands to calf thymus DNA (5 mM Tris buffer, 50 mM NaCl, pH 7.2, 25 degrees C) is exothermic. The binding constants increased from 1.5 x 10(4) to 1.7 x(More)
The periodic Saffman-Delbrück (PSD) model, an extension of the Saffman-Delbrück model developed to describe the effects of periodic boundary conditions on the diffusion constants of lipids and proteins obtained from simulation, is tested using the coarse-grained Martini and all-atom CHARMM36 (C36) force fields. Simulations of pure Martini(More)