Bradley S Launikonis

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Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is activated following the depletion of internal Ca2+ stores in virtually all eukaryotic cells. Shifted excitation and emission ratioing of fluorescence (SEER) was used to image mag-indo-1 trapped in the tubular (t) system of mechanically skinned rat skeletal muscle fibres to measure SOCE during intracellular Ca2+ release.(More)
Examination of store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOC) in single, mechanically skinned skeletal muscle cells by confocal microscopy shows that the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptor acts as a sarcoplasmic reticulum [Ca(2+)] sensor and mediates SOC by physical coupling without playing a key role in Ca(2+) release from internal stores, as is the case(More)
The volume of the extracellular compartment (tubular system) within intact muscle fibres from cane toad and rat was measured under various conditions using confocal microscopy. Under physiological conditions at rest, the fractional volume of the tubular system (t-sys(Vol)) was 1.38 +/- 0.09 % (n = 17), 1.41 +/- 0.09 % (n = 12) and 0.83 +/- 0.07 % (n = 12)(More)
Ca2+ signals, produced by Ca2+ release from cellular stores, switch metabolic responses inside cells. In muscle, Ca2+ sparks locally exhibit the rapid start and termination of the cell-wide signal. By imaging Ca2+ inside the store using shifted excitation and emission ratioing of fluorescence, a surprising observation was made: Depletion during sparks or(More)
A method was developed that allows conversion of changes in maximum Ca(2+)-dependent fluorescence of a fixed amount of fluo-3 into volume changes of the fluo-3-containing solution. This method was then applied to investigate by confocal microscopy the osmotic properties of the sealed tubular (t-) system of toad and rat mechanically skinned fibers in which a(More)
Skeletal muscle is highly specialized for the rapid delivery of Ca(2+) to the contractile apparatus during excitation-contraction coupling (EC coupling). Previous studies have shown the presence of a relatively fast-activated store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) mechanism (<1s) to be present in skeletal muscle, unlike the situation occurring in non-excitable(More)
1. Single mechanically skinned fibres and intact bundles of fibres from the twitch region of the iliofibularis muscle of cane toads were used to investigate the effects of membrane cholesterol manipulation on excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling. The cholesterol content of membranes was manipulated with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MbetaCD). 2. In(More)
Loss of granule content during exocytosis requires the opening of a fusion pore between the secretory granule and plasma membrane. In a variety of secretory cells, this fusion pore has now been shown to subsequently close. However, it is still unclear how pore closure is physiologically regulated and contentious as to how closure relates to granule content(More)
Confocal imaging of impermeant fluorescent dyes trapped in the tubular (t-) system of skeletal muscle fibres of rat and cane toad was used to examine changes in the morphology of the t-system upon mechanical skinning, the time course of dye loss from the sealed t-system in mechanically skinned fibres and the influence of rapid application and removal of(More)
Mammalian skeletal muscle fibres possess a tubular (t-) system that consists of regularly spaced transverse elements which are also connected in the longitudinal direction. This tubular network provides a pathway for the propagation of action potentials (APs) both radially and longitudinally within the fibre, but little is known about the actual radial and(More)