Learn More
Blood and marrow specimens were evaluated from 12 patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Ten patients were anemic, eight leukopenic, and three thrombocytopenic. Pancytopenia was present in two patients and subsequently developed in two others. Reticulocyte counts were not increased in the anemic patients. The most common peripheral(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess whether an experimental nutritional formula, given as a supplement, would reduce days of symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and affect antibody and lymphocyte proliferative responses to influenza vaccine. DESIGN A prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was conducted between October 1999 and April(More)
As of 1992, approximately 1,000,000 Americans are infected with HIV. The natural history of the illness includes a relatively long latent period (about 10 years) between infection and development of AIDS. Surgeons are called on to participate in the management of these patients, usually for diagnostic biopsies, supportive measures, or intraabdominal events.(More)
Influenza is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in older persons. The current influenza vaccine is only modestly successful, in part because of an age-related decline in immunogenicity and also because it induces only type-specified immunity. To overcome this, we evaluated DNA vaccines encoding A/PR8/34 haemagglutinin (HA) and nucleoprotein (NP) in(More)
Older persons suffer excessively from infectious diseases such as pneumonia and urinary tract infections. This article discusses some of the reasons for this additional morbidity and mortality, including the anatomical and physiological changes with aging, impairment of immune function, presence of co-morbid diseases, and delays in diagnosis and initiation(More)
Initial conservative therapy is applied to all cases of chylothorax (CTx) with expected excellent outcomes. The indication for aggressive surgical treatment of early CTx remains uncertain and requires rigorous scientific scrutiny. Lymphangiography and lymphoscintigraphy are useful to localize the leak and assess thoracic duct patency as well as to(More)
In studies aimed at defining monocyte and macrophage function in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, we found impaired in vivo Fc receptor-specific clearance in 20 of 25 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and in five of 13 patients with AIDS-related illnesses. The in vivo function of macrophage C3 receptors was(More)
Evaluation of the T-cell immune response following primary antigenic challenge with a neoantigen is a critical aspect of assessment of the cellular immune response. While many antigens can be used to accurately assess in vitro T-cell proliferation to a recall antigen, only a few neoantigens have been tested for their capacities to measure T-cell responses(More)
To investigate the role of CD8+ T lymphocytes in recovery from influenza pneumonia, we used transgenic mice either homozygous (-/-) or heterozygous (+/-) for beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-M) gene disruption. These mice lack major histocompatibility complex-restricted class I (CD8+) T cells. We found that after challenge with a nonlethal influenza virus, the(More)