Bradley P. Kropp

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OBJECTIVES This study determined the feasibility of promoting urinary bladder regeneration with porcine-derived small intestinal submucosa (SIS). METHODS Twenty-two Sprague-Dawley rats underwent partial cystectomy with immediate bladder augmentation with SIS. Bladders were harvested for histologic evaluation at 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 weeks. RESULTS(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) of porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) has been shown to serve as a resorbable scaffold for tissue repair and remodeling in several body locations including the urinary bladder. The rate of resorption and extent of SIS degradation are unknown. Nine dogs were divided into three equal groups. Approximately 40% of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the potential use of bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC)-seeded biodegradable scaffold for bladder regeneration in a canine model, by characterizing BMSCs and comparing them to bladder smooth muscle cells (SMCs) by immunohistochemistry, growth capability, and contractility. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bone marrow was taken by direct needle(More)
PURPOSE We examine the hypotheses underlying the clinical decision to assign female gender at birth in male neonates with severe phallic inadequacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 18 genetic males with severe phallic inadequacy were assessed longitudinally for physical, social, psychological and sexual identity development. Diagnoses included cloacal(More)
PURPOSE Since its introduction, the Snodgrass hypospadias repair has been applied to virtually all forms of hypospadias repair. However, fistula rates have still been reported to be as high as 5% from large center, multiple surgeon studies and 16% from smaller center studies. We report on the use of the Snodgrass repair in conjunction with routine use of a(More)
PURPOSE Small intestinal submucosa is a xenogenic, acellular, collagen rich membrane with inherent growth factors that has previously been shown to promote in vivo bladder regeneration. We evaluate in vitro use of small intestinal submucosa to support the individual and combined growth of bladder urothelial cells and smooth muscle cells for potential use in(More)
BACKGROUND Human prostate cancer LNCaP and PC-3 cell lines have been extensively used to study prostate cancer progression and to develop therapeutic agents. Although LNCaP and PC-3 cells are generally assumed to represent early and late stages of prostate cancer, respectively, there is limited information regarding gene expression patterns between these(More)
Androgens and androgen receptors (AR) regulate normal prostate development and growth. They also are involved in pathological development of prostatic diseases, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa). Antiandrogen therapy for PCa, in conjunction with chemical or surgical castration, offers initial positive responses and leads(More)
PURPOSE Generally, it is recommended that all urachal remnants be excised to avoid recurrent disease and possible malignant transformation later in life. However, spontaneous resolution with no need for further intervention has been reported. We reviewed the experience with urachal remnants at a single institution and evaluated which patients could be(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if small intestinal submucosa (SIS) can evoke urethral regeneration. METHODS Twenty male white New Zealand rabbits were assigned to one of three experimental groups. Group 1 (n = 4) underwent simple urethrotomy and closure. Group 2 (n = 8), a second control group, underwent an onlay urethroplasty with a graft of full-thickness(More)