Bradley N. Plummer

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The ryanodine receptor/Ca(2+)-release channels (RyRs) of skeletal and cardiac muscle are essential for Ca(2+) release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum that mediates excitation-contraction coupling. It has been shown that RyR activity is regulated by dynamic post-translational modifications of Cys residues, in particular S-nitrosylation and S-oxidation. Here(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, we reported that sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase 2a (SERCA2a), the pump responsible for reuptake of cytosolic calcium during diastole, plays a central role in the molecular mechanism of cardiac alternans. Heart failure (HF) is associated with impaired myocardial calcium handling, deficient SERCA2a, and increased susceptibility to(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) derived from the activity of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) is involved in S-nitrosylation of key sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) handling proteins. Deficient S-nitrosylation of the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) has a variable effect on SR Ca(2+) leak/sparks in isolated myocytes, likely dependent on the underlying(More)
Abnormalities in calcium handling have been implicated as a significant source of electrical instability in heart failure (HF). While these abnormalities have been investigated extensively in isolated myocytes, how they manifest at the tissue level and trigger arrhythmias is not clear. We hypothesize that in HF, triggered activity (TA) is due to spontaneous(More)
BACKGROUND In myocardial infarction (MI), repolarization alternans is a potent arrhythmia substrate that has been linked to Ca2+ cycling proteins, such as sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA2a), located in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. MI is also associated with oxidative stress and increased xanthine oxidase (XO) activity, an important source of(More)
Triggered arrhythmias due to spontaneous cytoplasmic calcium oscillations occur in a variety of disease conditions; however, their cellular mechanisms in tissue are not clear. We hypothesize that spontaneous calcium oscillations in the whole heart are due to calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum and are facilitated by calcium diffusion through gap(More)
Background—Recently, we reported that sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca ATPase 2a (SERCA2a), the pump responsible for reuptake of cytosolic calcium during diastole, plays a central role in the molecular mechanism of cardiac alternans. Heart failure (HF) is associated with impaired myocardial calcium handling, deficient SERCA2a, and increased susceptibility to(More)
BACKGROUND Severe hypothermia (SH) is known to be arrhythmogenic, but the effect of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on arrhythmias is unclear. It is hypothesized that susceptibility to Ca-mediated arrhythmia triggers would be increased only by SH.Methods and Results:Spontaneous Ca release (SCR) and resultant delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) were evaluated(More)
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