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The α7β1 integrin is the primary laminin receptor on skeletal myoblasts and adult myofibers. It has distinct functions during muscle development and contributes to muscle structural integrity. We have studied this integrin in cases where expression of dystrophin or laminin are compromised. Immunofluorescence demonstrates an increase in α7β1 in patients with(More)
Administration of the anesthetic gas N2O evoked an antinociceptive effect in two rodent antinociception paradigms. In the mouse abdominal constriction test, pretreatment with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor L-NG-nitroarginine (L-NOARG) caused dose-related antagonism of the antinociceptive effect of N2O but not of either morphine or(More)
The clustering of acetylcholine receptors (AChR) on skeletal muscle fibers is an early event in the formation of neuromuscular junctions. Recent studies show that laminin as well as agrin can induce AChR clustering. Since the ␣ 7 ␤ 1 integrin is a major laminin receptor in skeletal muscle, we determined if this inte-grin participates in laminin and/or(More)
The analgesic property of the anesthetic gas N2O has long been known and used to treat pain in clinical medicine and dentistry. The present study was conducted to identify by subtype and possible location the brain opioid receptors that mediate N2O antinociception in rats. A 5-min exposure to 70% N2O consistently evoked an antinociceptive effect in the hot(More)
Many aspects of myogenesis are believed to be regulated by myoblast interactions with specific components of the extracellular matrix. For example, laminin has been found to promote adhesion, migration, and proliferation of mammalian myoblasts. Based on affinity chromatography, the alpha7beta1 integrin has been presumed to be the major receptor mediating(More)
Lysosomal storage disorders (LSD) are a group of approximately 40 genetic diseases that are caused by the deficiency of one or more lysosomal enzymes. The incidence of LSD is estimated to be approximately 1 in 7500 live births, which makes this one of the more prevalent groups of genetic diseases in humans. The loss in enzymatic activity leads to the(More)
The clustering of acetylcholine receptors (AChR) on skeletal muscle fibers is an early event in the formation of neuromuscular junctions. Recent studies show that laminin as well as agrin can induce AChR clustering. Since the ␣ 7 ␤ 1 integrin is a major laminin receptor in skeletal muscle, we determined if this inte-grin participates in laminin and/or(More)
Adenoviral vectors from which the E1 region has been deleted ([E1(-)] Ad) are known to induce strong immune responses after systemic delivery. In this study we have evaluated liver toxicities in mice after intravenous injection with high doses of [E1(-)] or modified [E1(-), E2b(-)] Ad vectors (both expressing the bacterial beta-galactosidase [lacZ] marker(More)
BACKGROUND The inherent limitations of [E1-]Ad vectors as gene therapy vehicles suggest that further modifications may improve their overall performance profiles. However, Ad vector modifications can have untoward effects on their basic biology, e.g., some helper-virus dependent Ad vectors have been found to be unstable without the presence of preterminal(More)
Gaucher disease is caused by a deficit in the enzyme glucocerebrosidase. As a consequence, degradation of the glycolipids glucosylceramide (GluCer) and glucosylsphingosine (GluSph) is impaired, and their subsequent buildup can lead to significant pathology and early death. Type 1 Gaucher patients can be treated successfully with intravenous replacement(More)