Bradley K. Schaffer

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PURPOSE To investigate the utility of a monocrystalline iron oxide nanoparticle (MION) as a contrast agent in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of lymph nodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Pharmacokinetic data were obtained in rats after intravenous, subcutaneous, and intraarterial injection of indium-111-MION-46. MR imaging was performed to determine optimal(More)
The authors developed and evaluated a polymer as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance (MR) angiography. The agent consists of a monomethoxy ether of poly(ethylene glycol) covalently attached to poly(L-lysine) (PL), with PL serving as the carrier of gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA). Immunogenicity and toxicity studies were performed in(More)
Receptor-directed MR contrast agents are currently being designed to improve sensitivity and specificity of MR imaging and to provide for functional MR imaging. In the current study we have synthesized a conjugate of asialofetuin (ASF), a bovine plasma protein with a known, high affinity for the hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor, and a well defined,(More)
BACKGROUND Little data exist regarding the use of ischemic preconditioning before sustained hepatic cold storage. We hypothesized that ischemic preconditioning protects hepatic grafts via a tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway. METHODS Six porcine livers underwent routine harvest (control). Five other livers underwent 15 min of in situ ischemia followed by(More)
Background: As new techniques are emerging for laparoscopic liver resections, concerns have been raised about the development of gas embolus related to the CO2 pneumoperitoneum. We hypothesized that elevated intrahepatic vascular pressures and decreased hepatic tissue blood flow (LQB) would prevent gas embolus during laparoscopic liver resections under(More)
INTRODUCTION A transient period of warm ischemia prior to a longer ischemic episode (ischemic preconditioning) protects the hepatic graft from cold ischemia. The mechanism for this protection is unknown, as is the role of protein kinase C in ischemic preconditioning responses. METHODS Livers from 40 kg Yorkshire pigs were harvested and subjected to 2 h of(More)
Certain dextran coated iron oxides such as MION (monocrystalline iron oxide nanocompound) coupled to wheat germ agglutinin (MION-WGA) have been shown to exhibit i) neuronal uptake ii) axonal transport and iii) strong magnetic effects on tissues (superparamagnetism) in which they are localized. In the current study, we utilized such an agent to visualize(More)
A variety of adrenal imaging agents have been used in nuclear medicine, but no agent has been developed for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The authors have previously observed accumulation of aminated macromolecules in adrenal glands. They now report the synthesis of a model polymeric aminated contrast agent for enhanced MR imaging of the adrenal glands.(More)
Three magnetopharmaceuticals based on a monocrystalline iron oxide nanocompound (MION) are evaluated as potential contrast agents for demonstrating axonal transport in vivo by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. One agent has a strong positive charge, one has a strong negative charge, and the third is covalently linked to wheat germ agglutinin, a plant lectin(More)
Although hypoosmotic stress-induced cell swelling activates phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, its impact on the downstream signal protein kinase B and cell growth is unknown. Activator protein-1 is in part phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase dependent, and is important in proliferation. We hypothesized that cell swelling modulates proliferation in HepG2 cells via(More)