Bradley K. Fox

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In fish, pituitary growth hormone family peptide hormones (growth hormone, GH; prolactin, PRL; somatolactin, SL) regulate essential physiological functions including osmoregulation, growth, and metabolism. Teleost GH family hormones have both differential and overlapping effects, which are mediated by plasma membrane receptors. A PRL receptor (PRLR) and two(More)
Recently, a new peptide, ghrelin, which specifically stimulates growth hormone (GH) release from the pituitary, was identified in the rat and human stomach. Ghrelin has been shown to stimulate GH release by acting through a growth hormone secretagogue receptor. We have identified two ghrelins (ghrelin-C8 and -C10) in the stomach of tilapia, a euryhaline(More)
The responses of Mozambique and Nile tilapia acclimated to fresh water (FW) and brackish water (BW; 17 per thousand) were compared following acute salinity challenges. In both species, plasma osmolality increased to above 450 mOsm by 2h after transfer from FW to seawater (SW); these increases in osmolality were accompanied by unexpected increases in plasma(More)
This study characterized endocrine and ionoregulatory responses accompanying seawater (SW) acclimation in Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Changes in plasma hormones and gene expression of hormone receptors, putative osmosensors, and ion transporters in the gill were measured. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated tilapia to SW resulted in a(More)
Ghrelin is an important endocrine peptide that links the gastrointestinal system and brain in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. In human, rat, and goldfish plasma levels of ghrelin and GH are elevated in fasted animals, suggesting that ghrelin is an orexigenic signal and a driving force behind the elevated plasma levels of GH during(More)
Effects of fasting on the growth hormone (GH)--growth hormone receptor (GHR)-insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) axis were characterized in seawater-acclimated tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Fasting for 4 weeks resulted in significant reductions in body weight and specific growth rate. Plasma GH and pituitary GH mRNA levels were significantly elevated(More)
Ghrelin is a highly conserved peptide hormone secreted by the stomach, which is involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Ghrelin stimulates growth hormone (GH) release, and increases appetite in a variety of mammalian and non-mammalian vertebrates, including several fish species. Studies were conducted to investigate the effect of(More)
The effects of prolonged nutrient restriction (fasting) and subsequent restoration (re-feeding) on the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis were investigated in the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Mean weight and specific growth rate declined within 1 week in fasted fish, and remained lower than controls throughout 4 weeks of(More)
Ghrelin is a gut-brain peptide synthesized mainly in the oxyntic mucosal cells of the stomach, and has potent growth hormone (GH)-releasing and orexigenic activities. Recently, two forms of ghrelin, ghrelin-C8 and -C10, were identified in the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). The present study describes in vitro and in vivo effects of these(More)
Endocrine cells of the anterior pituitary are controlled by the central nervous system through hormonal interactions and are not believed to receive direct synaptic connections from the brain. Studies suggest that some pituitary cells may be modulated by the neurotransmitter glutamate. We investigated prolactin (PRL)-releasing cells of the anterior(More)