Bradley J Williams

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Tachykinin binding sites in guinea pig urinary bladder (GPUB), rat salivary gland (RSG), hamster urinary bladder (HUB), rat vas deferens (RVD) and rat cerebral cortex (RCC) were compared using 125I-Bolton Hunter conjugates of substance P (125I-BHSP), eledoisin (125I-BHE) and neurokinin A (125I-BHNKA). In typical SP-P tissues (GPUB, RSG) and in RCC, SP was(More)
Behavioural responses to tachykinins were observed following intracisternal administration in mice. The synthetic NK-3 agonists senktide and L-363,851 caused behaviour typically associated with serotonergic stimulation, including head twitches, reciprocal forepaw treading and hindlimb splaying. Neurokinin B produced some features of the serotonin (5-HT)(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the Arthritis Self-Management Programme (ASMP) is effective in promoting perceived control and self-management ability when delivered in an adult education setting. The study was a pre-test-post-test design based on a sample of 89 people attending an ASMP. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the comprehensibility, reliability, and validity of a trait measure, the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), among people with arthritis. The scale is designed to measure perceived coping ability across a wide range of demanding situations. METHODS Four studies were conducted. Study 1 tested the comprehensibility of the GSES.(More)
Tachykinin-stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis was examined in slices of hamster urinary bladder. In the presence of lithium, to inhibit inositol monophosphatase activity, substance P, eledoisin and related tachykinins induced large, dose-dependent increases in [3H]-inositol monophosphate accumulation. The responses to substance P and eledoisin were(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate work disability among people with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in terms of correlates and coping mechanisms. METHODS The sample group (n = 133) was recruited through 2 sources: 1) consecutive patients attending outpatient clinics over a 6-month period, and 2) a random sample of members of the National Ankylosing Spondylitis(More)
Noonan syndrome (NS) is among the most common nonchromosomal disorders affecting development and growth. NS is caused by aberrant RAS-MAPK signaling and is genetically heterogeneous, which explains, in part, the marked clinical variability documented for this Mendelian trait. Recently, we and others identified SOS1 as a major gene underlying NS. Here, we(More)
The descending and the intrinsic components of the serotoninergic (5HT) innervation of the Atlantic stingray spinal cord were described by comparing the distributions of neuronal elements exhibiting 5HT-like immunoreactivity (peroxidase-antiperoxidase method) in sections caudal and rostral to spinal transections. The cells of origin of the descending 5HT(More)
Vasodilating agents induce relaxation of mesangial cells, in part through cGMP-mediated activation of large calcium-activated potassium channels (BKCa). Normally quiescent in cell-attached patches, the response of BKCa to nitric oxide, atrial natriuretic peptide, and dibutyryl cGMP (Bt2cGMP) is characterized by a biphasic increase and then decrease(More)