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An ethynylestradiol (EE2) radioimmunoassay method (RIA) using a monoclonal antibody (MAB) reagent is described. 76 plasma and 67 buffer blanks spiked with known concentrations of EE2 were used as positive samples. The steroid was extracted using dichloromethane method with an extraction efficiency of 78 +/- 2.6%. The plasma extracts were not purified.(More)
This study examined all cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) in the haemodialysis cohort at the Royal Darwin Hospital, Australia over a seven-year period. Midway through this period, antisepsis for arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) and central venous catheters (CVC) changed from 0.5% chlorhexidine solution to 2% chlorhexidine solution. Rates of SAB(More)
Production of monoclonal antibodies (MABs) to a 17 alpha-ethynyl-1,3,5 (10)-estratriene-3,17 beta-diol (ethynylestradiol, EE2) hapten is described. Culture antibodies generated by hybridized cells tested in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) bound the 6-oxoethynyl-estradiol-6-(0-carboxymethyl) oxime-bovine serum albumin conjugate (EE2-6-0 CMO-BSA)(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which pepsin and trypsin concentrations in feeding tube aspirates, in addition to pH, contribute to predicting feeding tube position. METHODS Aspirates from 742 feeding tubes (nasogastric, n = 343; nasointestinal, n = 399) were tested for pH and enzyme concentrations. Also tested were(More)
The distribution of blood flow to the lungs was measured with labelled microspheres injected into horses before and during anaesthesia. Anaesthesia was induced with glycerol guaiacolate ether and ketamine, and maintained with the spontaneous breathing of halothane in oxygen. In a preliminary group of six horses, flow distribution was observed during(More)
It is well-known that musicians are at risk for music-induced hearing loss, however, systematic evaluation of music exposure and its effects on the auditory system are still difficult to assess. The purpose of the study was to determine if college students in jazz band-based instructional activity are exposed to loud classroom noise and consequently exhibit(More)
Previous work has demonstrated contraceptive steroid-induced hypertension in rats. Here, we examined the relationship between steroid-induced hypertension and components of the renin-angiotensin system. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected s.c. with 0.2 micrograms ethynyloestradiol, 2.0 micrograms levonorgestrel, a combination of both or vehicle, six(More)
BACKGROUND The addition of laboratory bilirubin readings to an algorithm based on pH alone improves prediction of feeding tube location; although reliable pH-teststrips are available, there is no bedside test to measure bilirubin in feeding tube aspirates. OBJECTIVES This study was designed to test the efficacy of a bilirubin teststrip with a newly(More)
BACKGROUND On the basis of a small number of case studies, IV propofol has been advocated for the treatment of chronic daily headache (CDH). There has been no randomized controlled trial of this therapy. Our objective in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was to determine whether a single IV dose of propofol 2.4 mg/kg results in(More)