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Traditional industrial robots have been widely used in automotive manufacturing for nearly 30 years. However, there have been very few attempts to automate mobile robotic systems for final assembly operations, despite their potential for high flexibility and capability. This paper focuses on methods of tracking a dynamic moving vehicle that is similar to(More)
This paper concerns an outdoor mobile robot that learns to avoid collisions by observing a human driver operate a vehicle equipped with sensors that continuously produce a map of the local environment. We have implemented steering control that models human behavior in trying to avoid obstacles while trying to follow a desired path. Here we present the(More)
Comprehensive Automation for Specialty Crops is a project focused on the needs of the specialty crops sector, with a focus on apples and nursery trees. The project's main thrusts are the integration of robotics technology and plant science; understanding and overcoming socioeconomic barriers to technology adoption; and making the results available to(More)
The fundamental difference between autonomous robotic assembly and traditional hard automation, currently utilized in large-scale manufacturing production, lies in the specific approaches used in locating, acquiring, manipulating , aligning, and assembling parts. An autonomous robotic assembly manipulator offers high flexibility and high capability to deal(More)
authors are solely responsible for the content of this technical presentation. The technical presentation does not necessarily reflect the official position of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE), and its printing and distribution does not constitute an endorsement of views which may be expressed. Technical presentations(More)
This paper presents a motion planning method for mobile manipulators for which the base locomotion is less precise than the manipulator control. In such a case, it is advisable to move the base to discrete poses from which the manipulator can be deployed to cover a prescribed trajectory. The proposed method finds base poses that not only cover the(More)
This paper presents an outdoor mobile robot capable of high-speed navigation in outdoor environments. Here we consider the problem of a robot that has to follow a designated path at high speeds over undulating terrain. It must also be perceptive and agile enough to avoid small obstacles. Collision avoidance is a key problem and it is necessary to use(More)
Here we consider the problem of a robot that must follow a previously designated path outdoors. While the nominal path, a series of closely spaced via points, is provided with an assurance that it will lead to the destination , we can't be guaranteed that it will be obstacle free. We present an efficient system capable of both following the path as well as(More)
Specialty crops constitute a $45 billion/year industry. As opposed to crops such as wheat, cotton, corn and soybean, they are characterized by the need for intensive cultivation. Specialty crops growers currently face serious labor cost and availability problems, and few technological solutions exist to increase their efficiency given the past history of(More)
Safe robot navigation in tree fruit orchards requires that the vehicle be capable of robustly navigating between rows of trees and turning from one aisle to another; that the vehicle be dynamically stable, especially when carrying workers; and that the vehicle be able to detect obstacles on its way and adjust its speed accordingly. In this paper we address(More)