Bradley Graves

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Aggregation with conspecifics is a robust phenomenon among snakes that is mediated by chemical cues, although the source of such cues is unknown. Adult western ribbon snakes (Thamnophis proximus) discriminated between skin lipid extracts from conspecifics and those from a sympatric heterospecific snake, the corn snake (Elaphe guttata). Additionally, ribbon(More)
A functional association between tongue flicking and vomeronasal organ chemoreception in lizards has been assumed frequently, but never tested. To test this hypothesis, a cotton swab soaked in prey extract mixed with [3H]proline was touched ten times to the snouts of normal and tongueless lizards (Chalcides ocellatus), as well as normal lizards whose(More)
Several species of snakes aggregate in areas previously marked by conspecifics. However, species differences and sources of such chemical signals have received little attention. Methylene chloride-soluble substances from shed epidermis of adult plains garter snakes attracted neonate conspecifics, whereas similar extracts from a congener and a viperid did(More)
This paper provides both theoretical insight as well as empirical evidence in support of the view that inflation is largely a global phenomenon. First, we show that inflation across countries incorporates a significant common factor captured by global inflation. Second, we show that in theory a role for global inflation in local inflation dynamics emerges(More)
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