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Three-dimensional (3D) computer reconstruction is an ideal tool for evaluating the centralized pathology of mammalian spinal cord injury (SCI) where multiple anatomical features are embedded within each other. Here, we evaluate three different reconstruction algorithms to three-dimensionally visualize SCIs. We also show for the first time, that(More)
Immediately following amputation of the limb in salamanders, a strong, steady, and polarized flow of ionic current is produced by the injury. Current flows in a proximodistal direction within the limb stump and is associated with a fall in electrical potential of about 50 mV/mm near the stump's end. This current is electrogenically driven by the(More)
We are developing a novel means of restoring function after severe acute spinal cord injury. This involves a brief application of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to the site of injury. In the companion paper, we have shown that a delayed application of PEG can produce strikingly significant physiological and behavioral recovery in 90-100 % of spinal-cord-injured(More)
We have evaluated three-week-old compression lesions of the rat spinal cord using two-dimensional and three-dimensional morphometry, reconstruction, and visualization techniques. We offer a new computer assisted method to determine the number and density of macrophages within the spinal lesion using the macrophage specific monoclonal label ED1. We also(More)
We have tested the effectiveness of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to restore the integrity of neuronal membranes after mechanical damage secondary to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) produced by a standardized head injury model in rats. We provide additional detail on the standardization of this model, particularly the use and storage of foam bedding that(More)
We evaluated the accuracy of estimating the volume of biological soft tissues from their three-dimensional (3D) computer wireframe models, reconstructed from histological data sets obtained from guinea-pig spinal cords. We compared quantification from two methods of three-dimensional surface reconstruction to standard quantitative techniques, Cavalieri(More)
Multiple biochemical and immunohistochemical tests were performed to elucidate the role of oxidative stress during ascending-descending (A-D) myelomalacia by comparing dogs with this progressive terminal condition to dogs with chronic, focal spinal cord injuries (SCIs) and controls without SCI. Dogs with A-D myelomalacia exhibited increased biochemical(More)
serial light microscopy 765/494-7600 registration 765/494-7605 fax 2 SUMMARY The pathology of mammalian spinal cord injury (SCI) is usually defined as "central hemorrhagic necrosis", where variable amounts of the peripheral white matter is spared while the central grey matter deteriorates. This condition had traditionally made microinvestigation of the(More)
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