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The Hsp70 family of molecular chaperones has an essential role in the synthesis, folding and translocation of the nascent peptide chain. While the general features of these activities are well documented, less is understood about the regulation of these activities. The ATPase rate is stimulated by non-native proteins, furthermore, interaction with ATP leads(More)
The properties of molecular chaperones in protein-assisted refolding were examined in vitro using recombinant human cytosolic chaperones hsp90, hsc70, hsp70 and hdj-1, and unfolded beta-galactosidase as the substrate. In the presence of hsp70 (hsc70), hdj-1 and either ATP or ADP, denatured beta-galactosidase refolds and forms enzymatically active tetramers.(More)
Cdc37 is required for cyclin-dependent kinase activation and is genetically linked with the activity of several other kinases, including oncogenic v-Src, casein kinase II, MPS-1 kinase, and sevenless. Strikingly, many pathways involving Cdc37 also involve the protein chaperone Hsp90. The identification of Cdc37 as the 50-kD protein in several Hsp90-kinase(More)
Molecular chaperones are essential proteins that participate in the regulation of steroid receptors in eukaryotes. The steroid aporeceptor complex contains the molecular chaperones Hsp90 and Hsp70, p48, the cyclophilin Cyp-40, and the associated proteins p23 and p60. In vitro folding assays showed that Cyp-40 and p23 functioned as molecular chaperones in a(More)
Modulatory signal transduction commonly requires efficient "on demand" assembly of specific multicomponent cellular machines that convert signals to cellular actions. This article suggests that for these signaling machines to detect and respond to fluctuations in signal strength, they must be continuously disassembled in an energy-dependent process that(More)
1. Introduction Molecular chaperones function in a range of protein homeostatic events, including cotranslational protein folding, assembly and disassembly of protein complexes, and protein transport across membranes. Many molecular chaperones are also known as heat-shock proteins, which refers to their regulation by stress conditions as diverse as(More)
Hsp70 proteins are highly conserved proteins induced by heat shock and other stress conditions. An ATP-binding domain of human Hsp70 protein has been crystallized in two major morphological forms at pH 7.0 in the presence of PEG 8000 and CaCl2. Both crystal forms belong to the orthorhombic space group P212121, but show no resemblance in unit-cell(More)
Activation of the latent DNA binding function of human p53 protein by the bacterial Hsp70, DnaK, represents a unique reaction in which a heat shock protein can interact with a native protein to affect its function. We have localized a likely DnaK interaction site on native human p53 tetramers to a motif flanking the COOH-terminal casein kinase II and(More)
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