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Variability in the definition and perceived causes of delayed unions and nonunions: a cross-sectional, multinational survey of orthopaedic surgeons.
BACKGROUND Despite the large number of fracture outcome studies, there remains variability in the definitions of fracture-healing. It is unclear how orthopaedic surgeons are diagnosing and managingExpand
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Research questions, hypotheses and objectives
There is an increasing familiarity with the principles of evidence-based medicine in the surgical community. As surgeons become more aware of the hierarchy of evidence, grades of recommendations andExpand
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Fluid lavage of open wounds (FLOW): a multicenter, blinded, factorial pilot trial comparing alternative irrigating solutions and pressures in patients with open fractures.
BACKGROUND Open fractures are an important source of morbidity and are associated with delayed union, nonunion, and infection. Preventing infection through meticulous irrigation and debridement is anExpand
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Electrical Stimulation for Fracture Healing: Current Evidence
This article provides an overview of the biology behind the use of electrical stimulation in fracture healing and discusses the current methods of electrical bone growth stimulation. In addition, weExpand
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The orthopaedic in-training examination: perspectives of program directors and residents from the United States and Canada.
OBJECTIVE Objective assessment of resident performance continues to task program directors (PDs) with a formidable challenge. This study evaluated attitudes toward the Orthopaedic In-TrainingExpand
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A survey of current practices and preferences for internal fixation of displaced olecranon fractures.
BACKGROUND Olecranon fractures represent 10% of upper extremity fractures. There is a growing body of literature to support the use of plate fixation for displaced olecranon fractures. The purpose ofExpand
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Intra-articular Injections in the Treatment of Symptoms from Ankle Arthritis: A Systematic Review
Background: Intra-articular (IA) injections are commonly used to treat knee arthritis pain; however, whether their efficacy generalizes to ankle arthritis remains debatable. We aimed to evaluate theExpand
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A systematic review of early versus delayed wound closure in patients with open fractures requiring flap coverage
BACKGROUND: Wound management in open fractures remains an area of controversy. Although numerous protocols for soft tissue coverage and fracture fixation have been proposed, problems with infection,Expand
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The prevalence of intimate partner violence across orthopaedic fracture clinics in Ontario.
BACKGROUND from 1999 to 2004, an estimated 653,000 women in Canada were either physically or sexually abused by their current or previous intimate partners. We aimed to determine the proportion ofExpand
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