Bradford Sullivan

Learn More
Iterative saturation mutagenesis (ISM) has been used to improve the thermostability of maize endosperm ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase), a highly-regulated, rate-limiting and temperature-sensitive enzyme essential for starch biosynthesis. The thermo-sensitivity of heterotetrameric AGPase has been linked to grain loss in cereals and improving this(More)
An earlier directed evolution project using alkene reductase OYE 2.6 from Pichia stipitis yielded 13 active site variants with improved properties toward three homologous Baylis-Hillman adducts. Here, we probed the generality of these improvements by testing the wild-type and all 13 variants against a panel of 16 structurally-diverse electron-deficient(More)
A short chemoenzymatic formal synthesis of oseltamivir from ethyl benzoate has been achieved. The key steps involve a toluene dioxygenase-mediated dihydroxylation, hetero-Diels-Alder cycloaddition, and generation of C4 acetamido functionality. The formal synthesis of oseltamivir is achieved in ten steps and incorporates a unique translocation of the olefin(More)
We developed a method for creating and evaluating site-saturation libraries that consistently yields an average of 27.4±3.0 codons of the 32 possible within a pool of 95 transformants. This was verified by sequencing 95 members from 11 independent libraries within the gene encoding alkene reductase OYE 2.6 from Pichia stipitis. Correct PCR primer design as(More)
A systematic saturation mutagenesis campaign was carried out on an alkene reductase from Pichia stipitis (OYE 2.6) to develop variants with reversed stereoselectivities. Wild-type OYE 2.6 reduces three representative Baylis-Hillman adducts to the corresponding S products with almost complete stereoselectivities and good catalytic efficiencies. We created(More)
Four generations of chemoenzymatic approaches to oseltamivir are presented. The first two generations relied on the use of cyclohexadiene-cis-diol derived enzymatically from bromobenzene. The third and fourth generation used the corresponding diol obtained from ethyl benzoate by fermentation with E. coli JM109(pDTG601a). Oseltamivir was obtained from ethyl(More)
A series of benzoate esters (methyl, ethyl, n-Pr, i-Pr, n-Bu, t-Bu, allyl, and propargyl) were subjected to enzymatic dihydroxylation by E. coli JM 109(pDTG 601) strain in a whole-cell fermentation. The cis-cyclohexadienediols were obtained in yields of approximately 1g/L except for n-propyl- and i-propyl benzoate which were found to be poor substrates.(More)
An efficient formal synthesis of a (-)-balanol intermediate ( 25a) from cyclohexadiene oxide was accomplished in eight steps. An asymmetric version of the Burgess reagent allows for an enantiodivergent approach to both enantiomers of balanol from a racemic starting material.
  • 1