Bradford Noyes Bartholow

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From May 1989 through April 1990, 1,001 adult homosexual and bisexual men attending urban sexually transmitted disease clinics were interviewed regarding abusive sexual contacts during childhood and adolescence. Sexual abuse was found to be significantly associated with mental health counseling and hospitalization, psychoactive substance use, depression,(More)
Alcohol use may increase HIV sexual risk behavior, although findings have varied across study populations and methods. Using event-level data from 1,712 seronegative men who have sex with men, the authors tested the hypothesis that social context would moderate the effect of alcohol consumption on unprotected anal sex (UAS). For encounters involving a(More)
From May 1989 through April 1990, 1,001 adult homosexual and bisexual men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics were interviewed regarding potentially abusive sexual contacts during childhood and adolescence. Thirty-seven percent of participants reported they had been encouraged or forced to have sexual contact before age 19 with an older or more(More)
Increased risk behavior among participants in HIV vaccine efficacy trials has been a concern. This study evaluated HIV sexual risk behavior among 5095 HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) and 308 women enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy trial of a bivalent rgp120 vaccine at 61 sites, primarily in North America.(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe recruitment and baseline epidemiologic characteristics of volunteers in the first phase 3 placebo-controlled trial of a recombinant gp120 HIV vaccine (AIDSVAX B/B). METHODS Volunteers were gay/bisexual men or women at risk for sexually transmitted HIV infection. Recruitment strategies, demographics, and risk factors were assessed.(More)
This paper describes the willingness of 1267 men who have sex with men (MSM) enrolled in a prospective HIV vaccine preparedness study from Chicago, Denver, and San Francisco to enroll in HIV vaccine efficacy trials. Respondents were interviewed at baseline and followed-up at 6, 12, and 18 months. At each visit respondents were tested for HIV antibodies(More)
This paper examines HIV risk behavior among HIV-uninfected adults living with people taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Uganda. A prospective cohort of 455 HIV-uninfected non-spousal household members of ART patients receiving home-based AIDS care was enrolled. Sexual behavior, HIV risk perceptions, AIDS-related anxiety, and the perception that AIDS is(More)
Recent outbreaks of syphilis and gonorrhea coupled with reported increases in HIV-risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) have raised concerns about a potential resurgence of HIV among MSM. These concerns have led some to suggest the need for a paradigm shift in how HIV-prevention programs are designed and implemented. In this analysis, baseline(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide HIV seroincidence data among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States and to identify predictive factors for seroconversion. METHODS From 1998-2002, 4684 high-risk MSM, age 18-60 years, participated in a randomized, placebo-controlled HIV vaccine efficacy trial at 56 U.S. clinical trial sites. Demographics, behavioral(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess and compare sexual behaviors using partner-specific data between HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) recruited for an HIV vaccine efficacy trial and a control group. METHODS HIV-negative MSM from an HIV vaccine trial (n = 525) and controls (n = 732) were recruited by similar strategies and interviewed about behaviors with the(More)