Bradford J. McFadyen

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This study examines the contribution of the vestibular system during different magnitudes of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) during human walking. Anodal threshold levels of GVS were determined for right and left sides for each subject. Seven conditions were tested (no stimulation, left and right anode stimulation) at one, two and three times(More)
Three normal males of similar height and weight ascended and descended a five step staircase with a riser height of 22 cm and a tread of 28 cm. EMG, force plate and cine data were collected for the stride over the second to fourth step during each mode. Kinematic and kinetic analyses were integrated with EMG to yield an interpretation of the mechanics of(More)
This article introduces a novel, ecological, obstructed walking paradigm. Gait adaptations to circumvent obstacles undergoing uncertain displacements, and the effect of revealing the obstacle's action beforehand, were investigated in young adults. The personal space (PS) maintained during walking was quantified for the first time under different(More)
OBJECTIVES The purposes of this study were: (1) to identify the primary (hip) and secondary (neighboring joints) impairments during gait in subjects with a total hip arthroplasty total hip arthroplasty, (2) to determine which impairments persist when controlling for gait speed and (3) to study the relationships between primary and secondary impairments in(More)
 The control of locomotion has been studied from various perspectives related to the tasks of pattern generation, equilibrium control or adaptation to the environment. The last of these locomotor components has received comparably less attention, specifically pertaining to anticipatory adjustments. Continuing the work which has been conducted on both humans(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared stair climbing and level walking in healthy adults aged over 40 years. DESIGN Eleven subjects performed at their comfortable speed. BACKGROUND The number of parameters studied during stair climbing has been limited, in particular in the frontal plane. METHODS Time-distance parameters and three-dimensional kinematic data(More)
OBJECTIVES To understand the residual locomotor effects of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) on unobstructed and obstructed walking. PARTICIPANTS Eight young, high-functioning adults with TBI and 4 healthy subjects. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Spatiotemporal gait parameters and their relation to specific clinical measures of severity and locomotor and balance(More)
When adults reach to grasp stationary targets, movement kinematics (endpoint trajectories, interjoint coordination) are highly stereotyped and stable. The emergence of an optimal coordination for reaching involves mastering the redundant number of degrees of freedom while the body grows. Reaching has been well studied in healthy children under the age of 3(More)
Locomotion relies on vision, somatosensory input, and vestibular information. Both vision and somatosensory signals have been shown to be phase dependently modulated during locomotion; however, the regulation of vestibular information has not been investigated in humans. By delivering galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) to subjects at either heel contact,(More)
The present work explored the anticipatory locomotor adjustments during obstacle avoidance by eight children aged 7--9 years. Analyses involved kinematic, kinetic and muscle mechanical power patterns at each lower limb joint, as well as electromyographic data from five muscles. The children demonstrated adult-like limb displacements and general dynamic(More)