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This article introduces a novel, ecological, obstructed walking paradigm. Gait adaptations to circumvent obstacles undergoing uncertain displacements, and the effect of revealing the obstacle's action beforehand, were investigated in young adults. The personal space (PS) maintained during walking was quantified for the first time under different(More)
Three normal males of similar height and weight ascended and descended a five step staircase with a riser height of 22 cm and a tread of 28 cm. EMG, force plate and cine data were collected for the stride over the second to fourth step during each mode. Kinematic and kinetic analyses were integrated with EMG to yield an interpretation of the mechanics of(More)
This study examines the contribution of the vestibular system during different magnitudes of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) during human walking. Anodal threshold levels of GVS were determined for right and left sides for each subject. Seven conditions were tested (no stimulation, left and right anode stimulation) at one, two and three times(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared stair climbing and level walking in healthy adults aged over 40 years. DESIGN Eleven subjects performed at their comfortable speed. BACKGROUND The number of parameters studied during stair climbing has been limited, in particular in the frontal plane. METHODS Time-distance parameters and three-dimensional kinematic data(More)
Locomotion relies on vision, somatosensory input, and vestibular information. Both vision and somatosensory signals have been shown to be phase dependently modulated during locomotion; however, the regulation of vestibular information has not been investigated in humans. By delivering galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) to subjects at either heel contact,(More)
When adults reach to grasp stationary targets, movement kinematics (endpoint trajectories, interjoint coordination) are highly stereotyped and stable. The emergence of an optimal coordination for reaching involves mastering the redundant number of degrees of freedom while the body grows. Reaching has been well studied in healthy children under the age of 3(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare avoidance and accommodation strategies during gait between healthy, community-dwelling, young and elderly males. Ten young (28.4 +/- 5.4 years) and ten elderly (69.5 +/- 6.1 years) males were tested while walking on the level, avoiding a 11.75-cm-high obstacle, and accommodating a change in floor height of 11.75 cm.(More)
The population characteristics of the linear envelopes of the electromyograms measured from seven lower extremity muscles in children were studied during locomotion. The variability and changes in pattern with respect to walking speed and age were investigated using statistical properties and analysis of variance of the envelopes. All muscles studied showed(More)
A virtual reality (VR)-based locomotor training system has been developed for gait rehabilitation post-stroke. The system consists of a self-paced treadmill mounted onto a 6-degrees-of-freedom motion platform. Virtual environments (VEs) that are synchronized with the speed of the treadmill and the motions of the platform are rear-projected onto a screen in(More)
The purpose of this experiment was to determine the interaction between visual and vestibular information during the transition from quiet standing to the completion of a forward step. Six subjects were asked to take one step forward at the sound of an audio tone, with their eyes open or closed, and terminate the step in a standing position. During(More)