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This article introduces a novel, ecological, obstructed walking paradigm. Gait adaptations to circumvent obstacles undergoing uncertain displacements, and the effect of revealing the obstacle's action beforehand, were investigated in young adults. The personal space (PS) maintained during walking was quantified for the first time under different(More)
Three normal males of similar height and weight ascended and descended a five step staircase with a riser height of 22 cm and a tread of 28 cm. EMG, force plate and cine data were collected for the stride over the second to fourth step during each mode. Kinematic and kinetic analyses were integrated with EMG to yield an interpretation of the mechanics of(More)
This study examines the contribution of the vestibular system during different magnitudes of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) during human walking. Anodal threshold levels of GVS were determined for right and left sides for each subject. Seven conditions were tested (no stimulation, left and right anode stimulation) at one, two and three times(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared stair climbing and level walking in healthy adults aged over 40 years. DESIGN Eleven subjects performed at their comfortable speed. BACKGROUND The number of parameters studied during stair climbing has been limited, in particular in the frontal plane. METHODS Time-distance parameters and three-dimensional kinematic data(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare avoidance and accommodation strategies during gait between healthy, community-dwelling, young and elderly males. Ten young (28.4 +/- 5.4 years) and ten elderly (69.5 +/- 6.1 years) males were tested while walking on the level, avoiding a 11.75-cm-high obstacle, and accommodating a change in floor height of 11.75 cm.(More)
The population characteristics of the linear envelopes of the electromyograms measured from seven lower extremity muscles in children were studied during locomotion. The variability and changes in pattern with respect to walking speed and age were investigated using statistical properties and analysis of variance of the envelopes. All muscles studied showed(More)
Locomotion relies on vision, somatosensory input, and vestibular information. Both vision and somatosensory signals have been shown to be phase dependently modulated during locomotion; however, the regulation of vestibular information has not been investigated in humans. By delivering galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) to subjects at either heel contact,(More)
Two experiments were conducted to examine the influence of target motion on the control and coordination of reaching and grasping movements. In Experiment 1 all the measures which reflected the transport or reaching phase of prehension (movement time, peak velocity, time to peak velocity, and transport tau margin) were sensitive to the velocity of the(More)
As part of a study to characterize the postural reactions that occur during voluntary gait modification, we examined the kinematic, electromyographic (EMG), and kinetic responses that occurred when cats stepped over an obstacle placed in their path. Analyses of the kinematics as each of the forelimbs stepped over the obstacle showed that changes in joint(More)
The safe control of walking over different terrains requires appropriate adaptations in the dynamic and kinematic limb patterns. To date, the study of locomotor dynamics in the cat has been confined to level, unobstructed walking. The present study extends the work of Lavoie et al. by applying linked segment analyses to estimate muscle contributions to(More)