Bradford D Fischer

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Combinations of positive modulators of benzodiazepine and neuroactive steroid sites on GABA(A) receptors have been shown to act in an additive or supra-additive manner depending on the endpoint under study, but they have not been assessed on experimentally induced conflict or drug self-administration. The present study examined the interactive effects of(More)
Conflict procedures can be used to study the receptor mechanisms underlying the anxiolytic effects of benzodiazepines and other GABA(A) receptor modulators. In the present study, we first determined the efficacy and binding affinity of the benzodiazepine diazepam and recently synthesized GABA(A) receptor modulators JY-XHe-053, XHe-II-053, HZ-166,(More)
RATIONALE Experimental evidence suggests that the differential behavioral effects of benzodiazepines depend on their relative actions at γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors that contain either an α1, α2, α3, or α5 subunit. OBJECTIVES The present study was aimed at understanding the role of α3 subunit-containing GABA(A) (α3GABA(A)) receptors by(More)
RATIONALE Recent experimental data suggest that metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonists with selectivity for mGluR1 and mGluR2/3 enhance morphine-induced antinociception. OBJECTIVES The present study addressed the hypothesis that mGluR antagonists enhance opioid antinociception by increasing opioid efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)
UNLABELLED Although N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists clearly attenuate the development of tolerance to the antinociceptive effects of opioids, it is not clear whether they also alter acute opioid-induced antinociception. The present study was designed to assess NMDA/opioid interactions in C57BL/6 mice by examining various NMDA receptor(More)
Prolonged use of high-dose anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) may induce a dependence syndrome, and emerging evidence suggests that AAS effects on endogenous opioid systems may contribute to AAS abuse. The present study tested the hypothesis that high dose AAS treatment enhances endogenous opioid activity in rhesus monkeys as revealed by 1) tolerance to the(More)
A growing body of literature has implicated N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor mechanisms in the acute antinociceptive effects of morphine; however, the nature of this interaction has not been thoroughly quantified. Moreover, it is not clear whether NMDA/morphine interactions extend to less efficacious opioids. Therefore, the present study examined the(More)
CB(1) cannabinoid (CB(1)) receptor agonists and N-Methyl-d-Aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists attenuate the development of morphine antinociceptive tolerance. The present study used dose-addition analysis to evaluate CB(1)/NMDA receptor interactions on this endpoint. Chronic morphine administration (5 days, 100 mg/kg, twice daily) resulted in a 2.8-fold(More)
It has been suggested that heroin and morphine may act on different opioid receptor populations in rodents. In support of this hypothesis, the opioid antagonist 3-methoxynaltrexone was reported to be more potent as an antagonist of the antinociceptive effects of heroin than of morphine in mice and rats. To assess the generality of this finding across(More)
Benzodiazepines are prescribed widely but their utility is limited by unwanted side effects, including abuse potential. The mechanisms underlying the abuse-related effects of benzodiazepines are not well understood, although α1 subunit-containing GABAA receptors have been proposed to have a critical role. Here, we examine the reinforcing effects of several(More)