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Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are useful for studying medial olivocochlear (MOC) efferents, but several unresolved methodological issues cloud the interpretation of the data they produce. Most efferent assays use a "probe stimulus" to produce an OAE and an "elicitor stimulus" to evoke efferent activity and thereby change the OAE. However, little attention(More)
The time-course of the human medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) was measured via its suppression of stimulus-frequency otoacoustic emissions (SFOAEs) in nine ears. MOCR effects were elicited by contralateral, ipsilateral or bilateral wideband acoustic stimulation. As a first approximation, MOCR effects increased like a saturating exponential with a time(More)
A clinical test for the strength of the medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) might be valuable as a predictor of individuals at risk for acoustic trauma or for explaining why some people have trouble understanding speech in noise. A first step in developing a clinical test for MOCR strength is to determine the range and variation of MOCR strength in a(More)
An assessment of hearing thresholds among student orchestral musicians was carried out at the UCL Ear Institute in conjunction with the Royal College of Music (RCM). Audiogram data taken from 162 students (86 F, 76 M; mean age=23.7 years, SD=4.8) showed a statistically significant notch at 6 kHz in the left ear, indicative of noise-induced hearing loss(More)
We present the first portable, binaural, real-time research platform compatible with Oticon Medical SP and XP generation cochlear implants. The platform consists of (a) a pair of behind-the-ear devices, each containing front and rear calibrated microphones, (b) a four-channel USB analog-to-digital converter, (c) real-time PC-based sound processing software(More)
OBJECTIVES The assessment of the combined effect of classroom acoustics and sound field amplification (SFA) on children's speech perception within the "live" classroom poses a challenge to researchers. The goals of this study were to determine: (1) Whether personal response system (PRS) hand-held voting cards, together with a closed-set speech perception(More)
Measurements of otoacoustic emission (OAE) magnitude are often made at low signal/noise ratios (SNRs) where measurement noise generates bias and variability errors that have led to the misinterpretation of OAE data. To gain an understanding for these errors and their effects, a two part investigation was carried out. First, the nature of OAE measurement(More)
Determining the electrical stimulation levels is often a difficult and time-consuming task because they are normally determined behaviorally - a particular challenge when dealing with pediatric patients. The evoked stapedius reflex threshold and the evoked compound action potential have already been shown to provide reasonable estimates of the C- and(More)
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