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When starting limb and target locations were simultaneously visible in a visuomotor task, performance during prism exposure was nearly perfect, but aftereffects were absent. When starting limb location was not visible, accurate exposure performance was slow to develop, but aftereffects were substantial. Adaptive spatial alignment of sensorimotor spaces and(More)
Under spatial misalignment of eye and hand induced by laterally displacing prisms (11.4 degrees in the rightward direction), subjects pointed 60 times (once every 3 s) at a visually implicit target (straight ahead of nose, Experiment 1) or a visually explicit target (an objectively straight-ahead target, Experiment 2). For different groups in each(More)
The performance of subjects whose starting limb location was visible when pointing to a sagittal target during exposure to prismatic displacement showed immediate target acquisition, but aftereffects of exposure were absent. When starting limb location was not visible, accurate exposure performance was slow to develop, but aftereffects were substantial.(More)
The effects of movement time and time to visual feedback (feedback time) on prism exposure aftereffects and direct effects were studied. In Experiment 1, the participants' (N = 60) pointing limb became visible early in the movement (.2-s feedback time), and eye-head aftereffects increased with increasing movement time (.5 to 3.0 s), but larger hand-head(More)
The authors report 4 lexical decision experiments in which case type, word frequency, and exposure duration were varied. These data indicated that there is a larger mixed-case disadvantage for nonwords than for words for longer duration presentations of targets. However, when targets were presented for 100 ms (followed by a postdisplay pattern mask), a(More)
Aftereffect measures of visual shift and proprioceptive shift were obtained for prism exposure conditions in which, at the end of a sagittal pointing movement, most of the arm was visible (concurrent exposure) or only the first finger joint was visible (terminal exposure). Intermediate exposure conditions permitted view of the hand or the first two finger(More)
In 2 prism adaptation experiments, the authors investigated the effects of limb starting position visibility (visible or not visible) and visual feedback availability (early or late in target pointing movements). Thirty-two students participated in Experiment 1 and 24 students participated in Experiment 2. Independent of visual feedback availability,(More)
Kosslyn (1980, 1983) theorized that performance measures on imagery tasks may vary as a function of the existence of independent processes in imaging ability. The present study determined whether improvement can be made in performance on such tasks with practice. It also considered whether performance on such tasks improves with practice and whether this(More)
Physicians generated diagnostic hypotheses for case histories for which 2 types of diagnoses were plausible, with one having a higher population base rate but less severe clinical consequences than the other. The number of clinical and background symptoms pointing towards the 2 diagnoses was factorially manipulated. The order and frequency with which(More)