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MicroRNAs are short non-coding RNA molecules able to affect stability and/or translation of mRNA, thereby regulating the expression of genes involved in many biological processes. We report here that microRNAs miR-27a and miR-451 are involved in activating the expression of P-glycoprotein, the MDR1 gene product that confers cancer cell resistance to a broad(More)
Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin causes altered gene expression and toxicity. The AHR repressor (AHRR) inhibits AHR signaling through a proposed mechanism involving competition with AHR for dimerization with AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT) and binding to AHR-responsive enhancer elements (AHREs). We(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The recently identified AHR repressor (AHRR) forms a negative feedback loop with the AHR. We investigated AHRR structure, function, evolution, and regulation in zebrafish, a powerful model in developmental(More)
Ligand-activated receptors are well-known targets of environmental chemicals that disrupt endocrine signaling. Genomic approaches are providing new opportunities to understand the comparative biology and molecular evolution of these receptors. One example of this is the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), a basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH)-Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS)(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) repressor (AHRR) inhibits AHR-mediated transcription and has been associated with reproductive dysfunction and tumorigenesis in humans. Previous studies have characterized the repressor function of AHRRs from mice and fish, but the human AHRR ortholog (AHRR(715)) appeared to be nonfunctional in vitro. Here, we report a(More)
The non-migratory killifish Fundulus heteroclitus inhabits clean and polluted environments interspersed throughout its range along the Atlantic coast of North America. Several populations of this species have successfully adapted to environments contaminated with toxic aromatic hydrocarbon pollutants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Previous(More)
EMMPRIN, a transmembrane glycoprotein known to promote survival, invasion and metastasis of tumor cells through multiple pathways and mechanisms, has been found to be overexpressed in various types of cancer cells. Here we report that loss of the function of p53, a tumor suppressor protein that is mutated in approximately 50% of human cancers, contributes(More)
Eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase (eEF-2K) is a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent enzyme that negatively regulates protein synthesis. eEF-2K has been shown to be up-regulated in cancer, and to play an important role in cell survival through inhibition of protein synthesis. Post-translational modification of protein synthesis machinery is important for its(More)
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