Brad L. Lytle

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OBJECTIVES Social isolation has been linked to poor survival in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Few studies have closely examined the psychosocial characteristics of CAD patients who lack social contact. METHODS Social isolation was examined as a predictor of mortality in 430 patients with significant CAD. More isolated patients were compared(More)
Caregiver burden in 58 partners of Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was examined. The relationship between patient PTSD severity and caregiver burden, as well as the effect of several caregiver and patient variables on caregiver psychological status, was evaluated twice, an average of 8 months apart. Patient symptom severity was(More)
Forty children of 28 fathers who are Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Each of the fathers had at least one elevated clinical scale. Fathers averaged eight elevated clinical scales, and compared to more recent norms, fathers averaged seven elevated clinical scales.(More)
This study investigated the relationship between a trauma-related stressor and smoking withdrawal symptoms in 25 male Vietnam combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using a within-subjects design. All subjects were smokers. The stressor involved a modified Stroop task, in which the veterans color-named either anxiety-related or neutral(More)
The relation between cancer self-efficacy and patient cancer adjustment, depression, psychological distress, and behavioral dysfunction in 42 cancer patients was studied in a preliminary investigation. Participants were male cancer outpatients recruited from a Veterans Administration Medical Center who completed a Cancer Self-Efficacy Scale, the Center for(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the descriptive relationship of self-rated health (SRH) with various psychosocial measures, sociodemographic variables, coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnostic/clinical measures, and medically abstracted comorbidities. METHODS The sample was 2,855 individuals from the Mediators of Social Support (MOSS) study who had at(More)
Various versions of legitimacy theory predict that a duty and obligation to obey legitimate authorities generally trumps people's personal moral and religious values. However, most research has assumed rather than measured the degree to which people have a moral or religious stake in the situations studied. This study tested compliance with and reactions to(More)
Theory and research point to different ways moral conviction and religiosity connect to trust in political authorities to decide controversial issues of the day. Specifically, we predicted that stronger moral convictions would be associated with greater distrust in authorities such as the U.S. Supreme Court making the "right" decisions regarding(More)
Various versions of legitimacy theory predict that a duty and obligation to obey legitimate authorities generally trumps people’s personal moral and religious values. However, most research has assumed rather than measured the degree to which people have a moral or religious stake in the situations studied. This study tested compliance with and reactions to(More)
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