Brad Harwood

Learn More
Despite an age-related slowing in the contractile properties of the triceps surae, inherently low maximal motor unit firing rates (MUFRs) in the soleus are unchanged. Fatigue following high-intensity contractions is characterized by contractile slowing in conjunction with a reduction in MUFRs in young adults. Here we exploit the ageing model of the soleus(More)
Motor unit recruitment and motor unit discharge rate (MUDR) have been widely studied in isometric conditions but minimally during velocity-dependent contractions. For isometric contractions, surface electromyography (EMG) activity of the elbow extensors plateaus at near maximal torques (Le Bozec et al. 1980; Le Bozec and Maton 1982). One study (Maton and(More)
Mean maximal motor unit firing rates (MUFRs) of the human soleus are lower (5-20 Hz) than other limb muscles (20-50 Hz) during brief sustained contractions. With healthy adult aging, maximal MUFRs are 20-40% lower and twitch contractile speed of lower limb muscles are 10-40% slower compared with young adults. However, it is unknown whether the inherently(More)
Electromyography (EMG) recordings for a typical 8-h day have indicated that burst activity is greater in old adults compared with young adults; these age-related adaptations might be due to the tasks undertaken. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether EMG burst activity differs between young and old men and women for a discrete task of(More)
In the biceps brachii, age-related differences in synaptic excitability and muscle architecture may affect motor unit (MU) activity differently depending on the position of the forearm. It was hypothesised that as a result of these age-related differences, greater changes in MU activity would accompany a change in forearm position in old when compared with(More)
INTRODUCTION Motor unit number estimates (MUNEs) provide important information in health, aging, and disease, and can be determined using decomposition-enhanced spike-triggered averaging (DE-STA). Discrimination of surface-detected motor unit potentials (S-MUPs) has been limited to contractile forces of ∽30% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), which is(More)
Investigations of high-intensity isometric fatiguing protocols report decreases in motor unit firing rates (MUFRs), but little is known regarding changes in MUFRs following fatigue induced by high-intensity dynamic contractions. Our purpose was to evaluate MUFRs of the anconeus (an accessory elbow extensor) and elbow extension power production as a function(More)
Temporal patterns of quiescent electromyography termed 'gaps' were investigated in young and old men and women for a discrete task and daily activity. Gaps in women (1.3±3.2) and old adults (1.5±3.4) were fewer compared with men (4.7±6.7) and young adults (4.6±6.9) for the discrete task (p<0.001). Gap duration was shorter for women (0.1±0.2s) and old adults(More)
Fatigability is highly task dependent wherein motor unit (MU) discharge rates and recruitment thresholds are affected differently depending on whether contractions are performed at maximal or submaximal intensities. Although much is described for isometric tasks, the behavior of MU properties during the production of maximal velocity dynamic contractions(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the inter-rater reliability of decomposition-based quantitative electromyography (DQEMG) derived motor unit number estimates (MUNEs) and quantitative motor unit (MU) analysis. METHODS Using DQEMG, two examiners independently obtained a sample of needle and surface-detected motor unit potentials (MUPs) from the tibialis anterior(More)