Brad D Maxwell

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Apixaban is an oral, direct, and highly selective factor Xa inhibitor in late-stage clinical development for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic diseases. The metabolic drug-drug interaction potential of apixaban was evaluated in vitro. The compound did not show cytochrome P450 inhibition (IC(50) values >20 microM) in incubations of human liver(More)
Clopidogrel is a prodrug anticoagulant with active metabolites that irreversibly inhibit the platelet surface GPCR P2Y12 and thus inhibit platelet activation. However, gaining an understanding of patient response has been limited due to imprecise understanding of metabolite activity and stereochemistry, and a lack of acceptable analytes for quantifying in(More)
Apixaban, a potent and highly selective factor Xa inhibitor, is currently under development for treatment of arterial and venous thrombotic diseases. The distribution, metabolism, and elimination of [C]apixaban were investigated in male, female, pregnant, and lactating rats after single oral doses. Tissue distribution of radioactivity in rats was measured(More)
The metabolism and disposition of [(14)C]apixaban, a potent, reversible, and direct inhibitor of coagulation factor Xa, were investigated in mice, rats, rabbits, dogs, and humans after a single oral administration and in incubations with hepatocytes. In plasma, the parent compound was the major circulating component in mice, rats, dogs, and humans.(More)
Identification of MCHR1 antagonists with a preclinical safety profile to support clinical evaluation as antiobesity agents has been a challenge. Our finding that a basic moiety is not required for MCHR1 antagonists to achieve high affinity allowed us to explore structures less prone to off-target activities such as hERG inhibition. We report the SAR(More)
The metabolism and disposition of [C]apixaban, a potent, reversible, and direct inhibitor of coagulation factor Xa, were investigated in mice, rats, rabbits, dogs, and humans after a single oral administration and in incubations with hepatocytes. In plasma, the parent compound was the major circulating component in mice, rats, dogs, and humans. O-Demethyl(More)
Adnectins™ are novel fibronectin-based proteins containing domains engineered to bind to targets of therapeutic interest. The molecular weights of adnectins are less than conventional monoclonal antibodies but larger than traditional small molecules. Until now, there has been no information on the placental transfer of adnectins. To assess placental(More)
PEGylation is a proven approach to prolonging the duration of action and enhancing biophysical solubility and stability of peptides. 4-Acetylphenylalanine is a novel amino acid with a ketone side chain that is uniquely reactive in proteins. The ketone functionality can react with an aminooxy functionalized polyethyleneglycol polymer to form a stable oxime(More)
Type 2 diabetes is a significant worldwide health problem. To support the development of BMS-770767 as an inhibitor of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) for type 2 diabetes was required the synthesis of carbon-14-labelled material for use in metabolic profiling and for the human adsorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME)(More)
Antiplatelet agents are proven efficacious treatments for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, the existing drugs are compromised by unwanted and sometimes life-threatening bleeding that limits drug usage or dosage. There is a substantial unmet medical need for an antiplatelet drug with strong efficacy and low bleeding risk. Thrombin is a(More)