Bríd Cronin

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Equinatoxin II (EqtII), a sea anemone cytolysin, is known to oligomerize to form pores that spontaneously insert into membranes. Crystallographic and cryo-EM studies of structurally similar cytolysins offer contradictory evidence for pore stoichiometry. Here we used single-molecule photobleaching of fluorescently labeled EqtII to determine the stoichiometry(More)
We apply the astronomical data-analysis technique, Lucky imaging, to improve resolution in single molecule fluorescence microscopy. We show that by selectively discarding data points from individual single-molecule trajectories, imaging resolution can be improved by a factor of 1.6 for individual fluorophores and up to 5.6 for more complex images. The(More)
Absorption cross sections for the A1A2-X1A1 electronic transition of formaldehyde have been measured by ultraviolet (UV) laser absorption spectroscopy in the tropospherically significant wavelength range 300-340 nm, over which HCHO is photochemically active. Absorption cross sections are reported at two temperatures, 294 and 245 K and at a spectral(More)
Using phase-separated droplet interface bilayers, we observe membrane binding and pore formation of a eukaryotic cytolysin, Equinatoxin II (EqtII). EqtII activity is known to depend on the presence of sphingomyelin in the target membrane and is enhanced by lipid phase separation. By imaging the ionic flux through individual pores in vitro, we observe that(More)
We have observed the assembly of the staphylococcal pore-forming toxin α-hemolysin using single-molecule fluorescence imaging. Surprisingly, assembly from the monomer to the complete heptamer is extremely rapid, occurring in <5 ms. No lower order oligomeric intermediates are detected. Monte Carlo simulation of our experiment shows that assembly is diffusion(More)
High resolution total kinetic energy release (TKER) spectra of the H atom fragments resulting from photodissociation of jet-cooled adenine molecules at 17 wavelengths in the range 280>lambda(phot)>214 nm are reported. TKER spectra obtained at lambda(phot)>233 nm display broad, isotropic profiles that peak at low TKER ( approximately 1800 cm(-1)) and are(More)
Submarine landslides can generate sediment-laden flows whose scale is impressive. Individual flow deposits have been mapped that extend for 1,500 km offshore from northwest Africa. These are the longest run-out sediment density flow deposits yet documented on Earth. This contribution analyses one of these deposits, which contains ten times the mass of(More)
P-N junction diodes are formed by electrostatic doping using two gate electrodes positioned beneath individual, suspended single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). These devices exhibit nearly ideal diode behavior within a small bias voltage range near 0V. At higher bias (> |0.2V|), non-ideal diode behavior is observed arising from Schottky contacts formed(More)
Photoelectron imaging and time of flight mass spectrometry are used to study the multiphoton ionization and dissociation of pyrrole and its cation following excitation at 243 nm and at 364.7 nm. Our results confirm the 8.2 eV ionization potential of pyrrole and the 9.2 eV ionization threshold for forming the 2B1 first excited state of the cation. Prompt(More)