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The serotonin 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT-sub(2A)R) may play a role in reinstatement of drug-seeking. This study investigated the ability of a selective 5-HT-sub(2A)R antagonist to suppress reinstatement evoked by exposure to cues conditioned to cocaine self-administration. Cocaine self-administration (0.75 mg/kg/0.1 mL/6 s infusion; FR 4) was trained in naïve,(More)
The behavioural effects of 5-HT(2) receptor agonists, 5-HT(2A) and 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonists were investigated in the mouse four plates test (FPT), light/dark paradigm (L/D) and the elevated plus maze (EPM), in order to elucidate the role of the 5-HT(2) receptor subtypes in these models and to address the inconclusive results previously reported using(More)
Augmentation of cue exposure (extinction) therapy with cognitive-enhancing pharmacotherapy may offer an effective strategy to combat cocaine relapse. To investigate this possibility at the preclinical level, rats and squirrel monkeys were trained to self-administer cocaine paired with a brief visual cue. Lever pressing was subsequently extinguished by(More)
Numerous studies have reported gender differences in the rates of depression in humans, but few behavioural observations of antidepressant drug effects have been investigated in female mice. The forced swimming test (FST) is widely used as a predictor of antidepressant activity in rodents, as is the tail suspension test (TST), where immobility is(More)
Drug-associated memories are a hallmark of addiction and a contributing factor in the continued use and relapse to drugs of abuse. Repeated association of drugs of abuse with conditioned stimuli leads to long-lasting behavioral responses that reflect reward-controlled learning and participate in the establishment of addiction. A greater understanding of the(More)
1. The light/dark paradigm is based on the innate aversion of rodents to brightly illuminated areas and on the spontaneous exploratory behaviour of the animals, applying mild stressors i.e. novel environment and light. The test apparatus consists of a small dark secure compartment (one third) and a large illuminated aversive compartment (two thirds). 2. The(More)
RATIONALE Animal models of anxiety such as the four-plates test (FPT) enable the detection of an anxiolytic effect not only of benzodiazepines (BZDs) but also of other non-BZD anxiolytic compounds such as the antidepressants paroxetine and venlafaxine. Retesting mice in animal models of anxiety markedly alters the behavioural profile of various drugs. (More)
Animal models of anxiety remain a useful tool for evaluating the anxiolytic-like effect of new treatments. Even though many tests are similarly based on exploration tasks, using more than one animal model is all the more recommended since there are qualitative differences between such tests. Furthermore, although many tests are excellent tool for detecting(More)
RATIONALE The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and the serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) increase synaptic levels of serotonin, leading to an increased activation of a multitude of specific postsynaptic 5-HT receptors. However, it is not yet known which 5-HT receptor subtypes mediate the therapeutic effects of(More)
To study the role of dopamine (DA) in antidepressant-like effect in the forced swimming test (FST), the relationship between the magnitude of the antidepressant-like effect of drugs [citalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), desipramine (tricyclic antidepressant), maprotiline (tetracyclic antidepressant), bupropion (DA(More)