Bozena Michniak

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For several decades, there has been interest in using the skin as a port of entry into the body for the systemic delivery of therapeutic agents. However, the upper layer of the skin, the stratum corneum, poses a barrier to the entry of many therapeutic entities. Given a compound, passive delivery rate is often dependent on two major physicochemical(More)
Four model drugs were selected based on their lipophilicity denoted as log P (nicardipine hydrochloride log P -0.99 +/- 0.1, hydrocortisone log P 1.43 +/- 0.47, carbamazepine log P 2.67 +/- 0.38, and tamoxifen log P 7.87 +/- 0.75). The enhancing activities of four terpene enhancers (fenchone log P 2.13 +/- 0.30, thymol log P 3.28 +/- 0.20, D-limonene log P(More)
The percutaneous permeation of hydrocortisone (HC) was investigated in hairless mouse skin after application of an alcoholic hydrogel using a diffusion cell technique. The formulations contained one of 12 terpenes, the selection of which was based on an increase in their lipophilicity (log P 1.06-5.36). Flux, cumulative receptor concentrations, skin(More)
Transdermal drug delivery has been intensively studied over the last two decades because of the many advantages offered by this route of administration. However, the number of drugs used in transdermal drug delivery systems has been somewhat limited, in part resulting from the formidable barrier to drug permeation presented by the upper layer of the skin,(More)
Iontophoresis is a technique used to enhance the transdermal delivery of compounds through the skin via the application of a small electric current. By the process of electromigration and electro-osmosis, iontophoresis increases the permeation of charged and neutral compounds, and offers the option for programmed drug delivery. Interest in this field of(More)
Percutaneous absorption-enhancing effects on the skin of hairless mice of 11 monoterpenes [1, (+)-limonene; 2, (-)-menthone; 3, (+)-terpinen-4-ol; 4, alpha-terpineol; 5, 1,8-cineole; 6, (+)-carvone; 7, (-)-verbenone; 8, (-)-fenchone; 9, p-cymene; 10, (+)-neomenthol; and 11, geraniol] were investigated using three different model drugs (caffeine,(More)
Six model drugs were selected for this study based on their degree of lipophilicity as represented by their log P values (range = -0.95 to 3.51). They included 2,4-dihydroxy-5-fluoropyrimidine (5-fluorouracil); 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine (caffeine); [(2-hydroxybenzoyl)amino]-acetic acid (salicyluric acid); 2-hydroxybenzoic acid (salicylic acid); 9(More)
We have successfully fabricated a dual drug release electrospun scaffold containing an anesthetic, lidocaine, and an antibiotic, mupirocin. Two drugs with different lipophilicities were electrospun from a poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) solution with a dual spinneret electrospinning apparatus into a single scaffold. The release of the drugs from the scaffold(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the passive skin penetration of lipophilic model agents encapsulated within tyrosine-derived nanospheres. The nanospheres were formed by the self-assembly of a biodegradable, non-cytotoxic ABA triblock copolymer. The A-blocks were poly(ethylene glycol) and the hydrophobic B-blocks were oligomers of suberic acid(More)
Very few chemical enhancers for transdermal drug delivery have been approved for clinical use due to irritancy and toxicity concerns. Novel chemical enhancers (iminosulfuranes) were synthesized and studied for their activity and toxicity. Skin was treated with 0.4 M 1–5 for 1 h before hydrocortisone was applied. Samples were taken over 24 h and analyzed by(More)