Boye S Nielsen

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This paper derives the exact distribution of the maximum likelihood estimator of a rst order linear autoregression with an exponential disturbance term. We also show that even if the process is stationary, the estimator is T -consistent, where T is the sample size. In the unit root case the estimator is T -consistent, while in the explosive case the(More)
On 23rd November 2009, during the early commissioning of the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), two counter-rotating proton bunches were circulated for the first time concurrently in the machine, at the LHC injection energy of 450 GeV per beam. Although the proton intensity was very low, with only one pilot bunch per beam, and no systematic attempt was made(More)
The production of π+, π−, K+, K−, p, and p at mid-rapidity has been measured in proton-proton collisions at √ s = 900 GeV with the ALICE detector. Particle identification is performed using the specific energy loss in the inner tracking silicon detector and the time projection chamber. In addition, time-of-flight information is used to identify hadrons at(More)
The production of mesons containing strange quarks (KS, φ) and both singly and doubly strange baryons ( , , and − + +) are measured at mid-rapidity in pp collisions at √ s = 0.9 TeV with the ALICE experiment at the LHC. The results are obtained from the analysis of about 250 k minimum bias events recorded in 2009. Measurements of yields (dN/dy) and(More)
where i is the cohort, j is the age, and i+ j − 1 is the period. Thus, αi is a cohort effect, βj is an age effect, γi+j−1 is a period effect, while δ determines the overall level. The indices i and j vary bivariately in an index set I, which, for simplicity is assumed to be triangular and given by i, j = 1, . . . , k so i+ j− 1 ≤ k. Given estimates α̂i,(More)
We present spectra of charged hadrons from Au+Au and d+Au collisions at sqrt[s(NN)]=200 GeV measured with the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC. The spectra for different collision centralities are compared to spectra from p+(-)p collisions at the same energy scaled by the number of binary collisions. The resulting ratios (nuclear modification factors) for central(More)
Adenosine triphosphate in soil is measured by the luciferin-luciferase bioluminescence method. Cation exchange in the ATP extraction procedure is used to reduce the content of, e.g., Fe, Al, and Cations in extracts. The efficiency of the cation exchange is determined by measuring the concentration of Fe by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. The time(More)
We have measured rapidity densities dN/dy of pi+/- and K+/- over a broad rapidity range (-0.1 < y < 3.5) for central Au + Au collisions at square root(sNN) = 200 GeV. These data have significant implications for the chemistry and dynamics of the dense system that is initially created in the collisions. The full phase-space yields are 1660 +/- 15 +/- 133(More)
Three jet events arising from decays of the Z boson, collected by the DELPHI detector, were used to measure differences in quark and gluon fragmentation. Gluon jets were anti-tagged by identifying b quark jets. Unbiased quark jets came from events with two jets plus one photon. Quark and gluon jet properties in different energy ranges were compared for the(More)
We present charged-particle multiplicities as a function of pseudorapidity and collision centrality for the 197Au+197Au reaction at square root[s(NN)] = 200 GeV. For the 5% most central events we obtain dN(ch)/deta/(eta = 0) = 625+/-55 and N(ch)/(-4.7< or =eta < or =4.7) = 4630 +/- 370, i.e., 14% and 21% increases, respectively, relative to square(More)