Boyan D Dimitrov

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The influence on androgenesis of donor plant growth conditions, anther size and developmental stage of the microspore, medium composition and different anther treatments prior to culture was investigated in L. esculentum Mill. cv Roma and its hybrids. Growth conditions of donor plants affected the induction of tomato androgenesis. Anthers isolated from(More)
The genotoxicities of the herbicides Roundup (glyphosate), Stomp (pendimethaline) and Reglone (diquat), were compared in plant (Crepis capillaris L.) and mouse bone marrow test systems using chromosomal aberrations and micronuclei. Roundup did not induce chromosomal aberrations or micronuclei in either test system. Reglone also did not induce chromosomal(More)
The androgenetic ability of 85 Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. genotypes was tested. Callus was induced from anthers of 53 lines and hybrids. Regeneration of plants was obtained only from calli of 15 genotypes. The data obtained clearly showed that the genotype affects induced androgenesis in tomato. The in vitro response of anthers from the cultivars Roma,(More)
Three pesticides have been studied for their genotoxicity by the use of assays in the plant Crepis capillaris, aimed at measuring chromosomal aberrations, micronuclei and sister chromosome exchange (SCE). The fungicides Rubigan 12 EC (fenarimol) and Rovral 25 Flo (iprodione) and the insecticide Omite 57 E (propargite) are all widely used nowadays. The aim(More)
The androgenic ability of four Medicago sativa L. genotype (Boynitza 5, Byala, 494, and 3815) was tested. Callus and organogenesis were induced in all lines studied. The percentage of anthers producing calluses and organogenesis showed wide variation (calluses—from 11% up to 77%; organogenesis—4.8% to 15.2%). It has been established that genotype, nutrient(More)
A protoplast fusion experiment was carried out aiming to obtain somatic hybrid plants of transgenic Nicotiana tabacum (bar) (+) N. rotundifolia (npt II). The bialaphos resistance marker (bar) was introduced into N. tabacum via Agrobacterium tumefaciens using vector pGV1500 carrying the bar gene phosphinothricin acetyltransferase. N. rotundifolia (npt II)(More)
According to Nagl and Fusenig (1979) the structure and ultrastructure of plant nuclei is species-specific and is determined by the DNA (2C) value and the amount of the repetitive DNA. Light and electron microscopic observations ofZea mays L.,Pisum sativum L., andPhaseolus vulgaris L. nuclei led us to define their organization as chromonematic, chronomeric(More)
We present data on the morphological, cytological, biochemical and genetic characteristics of tomato regenerants obtained through anther culture. As a result of induced androgenesis, more than 6,000 rooted regenerants were developed that differed both from the donor plants and among each other with respect to habitus and leaf, flower and inflorescence(More)
The types of chromosomal aberrations during the aging of Crepis capillaris (Hawksbeard; fam. Asteraceae) seeds were investigated. Seeds were stored at 22 degrees C for 2, 4, 6, and 8 years. Chromosomal aberrations were analyzed in metaphase chromosomes at the first and second mitotic cycles. A colchicine block was used for the differentiation of individual(More)
Somatic hybrid plants of Nicotiana tabacum (bar) (+) Nicotiana megalosiphon (npt II) were recovered after polyethylene glycol (PEG) mediated fusion. Hybrid calluses were selected on the basis of their dual resistance to bialaphos and kanamycin or UV inactivation of the donor species (Nicotiana megalosiphon) protoplasts. The hybrid nature of the individual(More)