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Cucumber is an economically important crop as well as a model system for sex determination studies and plant vascular biology. Here we report the draft genome sequence of Cucumis sativus var. sativus L., assembled using a novel combination of traditional Sanger and next-generation Illumina GA sequencing technologies to obtain 72.2-fold genome coverage. The(More)
Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), a major cause of blindness worldwide, is a complex disease with a significant genetic contribution. We performed Exome Array (Illumina) analysis on 3504 POAG cases and 9746 controls with replication of the most significant findings in 9173 POAG cases and 26 780 controls across 18 collections of Asian, African and European(More)
The aim of the present study was to explore whether ultrasound microbubble destruction augments site-targeted engraftment of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) to kidney tissue and promotes recovery of the kidney in acute kidney injury (AKI) in rats. AKI was induced by the subcutaneous injection of mercuric chloride (HgCl₂). Forty Sprague-Dawley(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of blindness, but presents differently in Europeans and Asians. Here, we perform a genome-wide and exome-wide association study on 2,119 patients with exudative AMD and 5,691 controls, with independent replication in 4,226 patients and 10,289 controls, all of East Asian descent, as part of The Genetics(More)
Extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine of Kushen, matrine is an alkaloid with potential anti-neoplastic and anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we examined the effect of matrine on proliferation and apoptosis of cultured retinoblastoma cells. The retinoblastoma cell lines Y79, WERI-RB1 and SO-RB50 were treated with matrine in increasing concentrations(More)
PURPOSE Retinoblastoma is the most frequent primary intraocular tumour and is rapidly gaining importance in Asia. As the survival is markedly dependent on early diagnosis and as information on that is not available from East Asia, we assessed the time interval between symptoms detection and therapy of children treated in the Beijing TongRen Eye Hospital. (More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a type of catechin extracted from green tea, which is reported to have anticancer effects. EGCG is also reported to inhibit the cancer stem/progenitor cells in several estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer cell lines, such as SUM-149, SUM-190 and MDA-MB-231. And all these cancer cells are highly expressed a new(More)
PURPOSE The cancer-associated gene PAX6 is a key regulator in the embryological development of the retina. The authors assessed whether PAX6 was associated with the development of retinoblastoma. Methods. Two human retinoblastoma cell lines (Y79 and SO-Rb50) were transfected with PAX6-GFP recombinant lentiviral vectors and were compared with cells(More)
Exfoliation syndrome (XFS) is the most common recognizable cause of open-angle glaucoma worldwide. To better understand the etiology of XFS, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 1,484 cases and 1,188 controls from Japan and followed up the most significant findings in a further 6,901 cases and 20,727 controls from 17 countries across 6(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated the relationship between B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 (BMI-1)--a polycomb protein for stem cell self-renewal and proliferation--and the clinicopathological parameters of human retinoblastomas, including differentiation status and retinal tissue invasion, as well as the effects of BMI-1 on retinoblastoma Y79 cells. (More)