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In rice, limited efforts have been made to identify genes by the use of insertional mutagens, especially heterologous transposons such as the maize Ac/Ds. We constructed Ac and gene trap Ds vectors and introduced them into the rice genome by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. In this report, rice plants that contained single and simple insertions of(More)
Ripe fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum) are resistant to the anthracnose fungus, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, whereas unripe-mature fruits are susceptible. A pepper esterase gene (PepEST) that is highly expressed during an incompatible interaction between the ripe fruit of pepper and C. gloeosporioides was previously cloned. Deduced amino acid sequence(More)
An anther-specific cDNA clone of rice, RA8, was isolated from an anther cDNA library by differential screening. RNA blot analysis indicated that the RA8 transcript is present specifically in anthers and the transcript level increased as flowers matured, reaching the highest level in mature flowers. The RA8 clone contains an open reading frame of 264 amino(More)
During pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruit ripening, the ripe fruit interaction with the anthracnose fungus, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, is generally incompatible. However, the unripe fruit can interact compatibly with the fungus. A gene, designated PepTLP (for pepper thaumatin-like protein), was isolated and characterized by using mRNA differential display.(More)
The anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides deleteriously affects unripe pepper fruit, but not ripe fruit. Here, we show that the induction of local acquired resistance (LAR) by salicylic acid (SA), 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid, or benzo-(1,2,3)-thiadiazole-7-carbothioic acid S-methyl ester pretreatment protects unripe pepper fruit against the(More)
The relationships of sterase- and lipase-like proteins with three signaling molecules (salicylic acid, jasmonic acid, and ethylene) expressed during plant–pathogen interactions were studied. We isolated two carboxylesterase (AtCXE) genes, AtCXE8 and AtCXE9, from Arabidopsis thaliana. The AtCXE8 and AtCXE9 proteins possess carboxylesterase motifs (-GXSXG-)(More)
A previously unidentified gene encoding ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme was isolated from leaves of wild rice plant treated with wounding and microbe-associated molecular patterns. The OgUBC1 gene was composed of 148 amino acids and contained a typical active site and 21 ubiquitin thioester intermediate interaction residues and 4 E3 interaction residues. Both(More)
Suppression subtractive hybridization was used to construct a subtracted library (ogfw) from plants of a wild rice species, Oryza grandiglumis, subjected to a fungal elicitor and physical wounding. To screen the differentially expressed transcripts in the library, we applied a reverse Northern blot analysis to a cDNA microarray containing 1,152 random(More)
Unripe mature green fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum) are susceptible to Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, whereas ripe red fruits are not. We established this pepper-C. gloeosporioides interaction as a model system to study the fungal resistance that develops during ripening of nonclimacteric fruit. Histochemical examination of transverse sections suggested(More)
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