Boulos B Bechara

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BACKGROUND Metal in a patient's mouth has been shown to cause artefacts that can interfere with the diagnostic quality of cone beam CT. Recently, a manufacturer has made an algorithm and software available which reduces metal streak artefact (Picasso Master 3D® machine; Vatech, Hwaseong, Republic of Korea). OBJECTIVES The purpose of this investigation was(More)
OBJECTIVES An algorithm and software to reduce metal artefact has been developed recently and is available in the Picasso Master 3D® (VATECH, Hwaseong, Republic of Korea), which under visual assessment produces better quality images than were obtainable previously. The objective of this in vitro study was to investigate whether the metal artefact reduction(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives were to determine whether the images obtained from different cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) field of view (FOV) sizes with varying scan time and kilovolt peak using the Picasso Master 3D machine (Vatech, Hwasung, South Korea) differ in contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). STUDY DESIGN A phantom was used. Scans were acquired(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to compare the accuracy of root fracture detection in endodontically treated teeth using scans acquired with a 180° rotation motion compared with a 360° after which the patient exposure and number of basis images are doubled. METHODS Sixty-six roots were collected and decoronated. All were treated endodontically.(More)
Each of three cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) machines offer a small field of view (FOV); Promax, Accuitomo 3D, and Kodak 9000. The objectives were to determine, when using a small FOV, the difference in contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) of images obtained from different machines and different scan settings within each machine. A phantom made of a dry(More)
OBJECTIVES Cone beam CT (CBCT) is used widely to depict root fracture (RF) in endodontically treated teeth. Beam hardening and other artefacts due to gutta-percha may increase the time of the diagnosis and result in an incorrect diagnosis. Two CBCT machines, ProMax(®) (Planmeca, Helsinki, Finland) and Master 3D(®) (Vatech, Hwaseong, Republic of Korea), have(More)
OBJECTIVES Two-dimensional intraoral radiography is the most common tool for diagnosing root fractures (RFs). Cone beam CT (CBCT) is widely used to depict RFs in endodontically treated teeth. Beam hardening and other artefacts caused by gutta percha may result in an incorrect diagnosis when using CBCT only. A comparison of two CBCT machines with(More)
The ability of a periapical radiograph to exhibit the fracture depends on many factors including, but not limited to, the resolution of the image. The quality can be reduced by the image compression. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) compressions on the diagnostic capability of periapical images(More)
The purpose of this report is to present a mathematical model relating changes in grey values to changes of thicknesses of a stepwedge. Radiographs of a stepwedge were obtained through a limited exposure range on a single Kodak 6100 charge-coupled device detector at 63 kVp and 70 kVp. Grey values from each step were evaluated relative to the corresponding(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate zirconium implant artifact production in cone beam computed tomography images obtained with different protocols. STUDY DESIGN One zirconium implant was inserted in an edentulous mandible. Twenty scans were acquired with a ProMax 3D unit (Planmeca Oy, Helsinki, Finland), with acquisition settings ranging from 70 to 90 peak kilovoltage(More)