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Neuroligins 1-4 are postsynaptic transmembrane proteins capable of initiating presynaptic maturation via interactions with beta-neurexin. Both neuroligins and beta-neurexins have alternatively spliced inserts in their extracellular domains. Using analytical ultracentrifugation, we determined that the extracellular domains of the neuroligins sediment as(More)
Methods for optimizing the prediction of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase promoter sequences by neural networks are presented. A neural network was trained on a set of 80 known promoter sequences combined with different numbers of random sequences. The conserved -10 region and -35 region of the promoter sequences and a combination of these regions were used(More)
Analytical ultracentrifugation experiments can be accurately modeled with the Lamm equation to obtain sedimentation and diffusion coefficients of the solute. Existing finite element methods for such models can cause artifactual oscillations in the solution close to the endpoints of the concentration gradient, or fail altogether, especially for cases where(More)
UltraScan Solution Modeler (US-SOMO) processes atomic and lower-resolution bead model representations of biological and other macromolecules to compute various hydrodynamic parameters, such as the sedimentation and diffusion coefficients, relaxation times and intrinsic viscosity, and small angle scattering curves, that contribute to our understanding of(More)
Frequently in the physical sciences experimental data are analyzed to determine model parameters using techniques known as parameter estimation. Eliminating the effects of noise from experimental data often involves Tikhonov or Maximum-Entropy regularization. These methods introduce a bias which smoothes the solution. In the problems considered here, the(More)
We present a novel divide and conquer method for parallelizing a large scale multivariate linear optimization problem, which is commonly solved using a sequential algorithm with the entire parameter space as the input. The optimization solves a large parameter estimation problem where the result is sparse in the parameters. By partitioning the parameters(More)
The enoylreductase (ER) is the final common enzyme from modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) to be structurally characterized. The 3.0 Å-resolution structure of the didomain comprising the ketoreductase (KR) and ER from the second module of the spinosyn PKS reveals that ER shares an ∼600-Å(2) interface with KR distinct from that of the related mammalian(More)
Neurexins are multidomain synaptic cell-adhesion proteins that associate with multiple partnering proteins. Genetic evidence indicates that neurexins may contribute to autism, schizophrenia, and nicotine dependence. Using analytical ultracentrifugation, single-particle electron microscopy, and solution X-ray scattering, we obtained a three-dimensional(More)
Bacterial virus phi29 genomic DNA is packaged into a procapsid shell with the aid of a motor containing a 12-subunit connector channel and a hexameric pRNA (packaging RNA) ring. The wide end, or the C-terminus, of the cone-shaped connector is embedded within the procapsid shell, whereas the narrow end, or N-terminus, extends outside of the procapsid,(More)
The cohesin complex is responsible for the fidelity of chromosomal segregation during mitosis. It consists of four core subunits, namely Rad21/Mcd1/Scc1, Smc1, Smc3, and one of the yeast Scc3 orthologs SA1 or SA2. Sister chromatid cohesion is generated during DNA replication and maintained until the onset of anaphase. Among the many proposed models of the(More)