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Clinical allergic airway disease is associated with persistent airway hyperreactivity and remodeling, but little is known about the mechanisms leading to these alterations. This paucity of information is related in part to the absence of chronic models of allergic airway disease. Herein we describe a model of persistent airway hyperreactivity, goblet cell(More)
Chemokines were originally described as cytokines that mediate leukocyte recruitment to sites of inflammation. Members of a subgroup of chemokines, the CXC family, also play a critical role in both physiologic and pathologic angiogenesis, including in the context of chronic inflammation, fibrosis, and malignancy. A unique feature of this family of cytokines(More)
Invasive aspergillosis is among the most common human fungal infections and occurs in patients with severe and complex defects in immune responses. NK cells have previously been found to be important in host defense against this infection, but the mechanism of this effect is not known. We hypothesized that NK cells mediate their protective effect in(More)
Chemokines are a superfamily of homologous heparin-binding proteins, first described for their role in recruiting leukocytes to sites of inflammation. Chemokines have since been recognized as key factors mediating both physiological and pathological neovascularization in such diverse clinical settings as malignancy, wound repair, chronic fibroproliferative(More)
Fibrotic interstitial lung diseases are illnesses of unknown cause characterized by progressive decline in lung function. Fibrocytes are bone marrow-derived, circulating progenitor cells capable of differentiating into diverse mesenchymal cell types. Prior work has shown fibrocytes to traffic to the lung via the CXCL12-CXCR4 chemokine axis in an animal(More)
Asthmatic-like reactions characterized by elevated IgE, Th2 cytokines, C-C chemokines, eosinophilic inflammation, and persistent airway hyperresponsiveness follow pulmonary exposure to the spores or conidia from Aspergillus fumigatus fungus in sensitized individuals. In addition to these features, subepithelial fibrosis and goblet cell hyperplasia(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether the route of estrogen replacement therapy (ET) is the major determinant of C-reactive protein (CRP) in postmenopausal women. BACKGROUND Recent studies demonstrated that oral ET causes a sustained increase in CRP, implicating a proinflammatory effect. Because CRP is synthesized in the liver, we hypothesized that(More)
Fibrotic interstitial lung diseases are characterized by progressive decline in lung function and premature death from respiratory failure. Fibrocytes are circulating bone marrow-derived progenitor cells that traffic to the lungs and contribute to fibrosis and may represent novel therapeutic targets in these diseases. We have previously found the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES (1) To define the incidence and natural history of Aspergillus colonization and infection in lung transplant recipients, and (2) to assess the impact of prophylaxis, surveillance, and therapy on the incidence and outcome of the disease. DESIGN Retrospective review of 133 consecutive single or bilateral lung transplantations performed at a(More)
Neuroimaging findings in cases of St. Louis encephalitis (StLE) have yet to be reported despite the relatively high frequency of this entity. An epidemic permitted the documentation of isolated hyperintensity of the substantia nigra on T2-weighted images in two patients with StLE. This distribution of MR imaging abnormality in cases of StLE mirrors the(More)