Borja Guerra

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Rapid oestrogen neuroprotection against beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta)-induced toxicity, a main feature of Alzheimer's disease, may be partially initiated at the plasma membrane. However, the mechanism by which this oestrogen effect occurs is unknown. In a septal murine cell line (SN56), we observed that short exposures to either 17beta-oestradiol (E2) or(More)
Human skeletal muscle expresses leptin receptor mRNA; however, it remains unknown whether leptin receptors (OB-R) are also expressed at the protein level. Fourteen healthy men (age = 33.1 +/- 2.0 yr, height = 175.9 +/- 1.7 cm, body mass = 81.2 +/- 3.8 kg, body fat = 22.5 +/- 1.9%; means +/- SE) participated in this investigation. The expression of OB-R(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms behind physical inactivity-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle, 12 young, healthy male subjects completed 7 days of bed rest with vastus lateralis muscle biopsies obtained before and after. In six of the subjects, muscle biopsies were taken from both legs before and after a 3-h hyperinsulinemic euglycemic(More)
To determine if there is a sex dimorphism in the skeletal muscle signaling response to sprint exercise, 17 men and ten women performed a 30-s Wingate test. Muscle biopsies were taken before, immediately after the exercise and at 30 and 120 min during the recovery period. Thr172-AMPKα, Ser221-ACCβ, Thy705-STAT3, Thr202/Thy204-ERK1/2 and Thr180/Thy182-p38MAPK(More)
To determine if there is a gender dimorphism in the expression of leptin receptors (OB-R170, OB-R128 and OB-R98) and the protein suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) in human skeletal muscle, the protein expression of OB-R, perilipin A, SOCS3 and alpha-tubulin was assessed by Western blot in muscle biopsies obtained from the m. vastus lateralis in(More)
The pathology of Alzheimer's disease includes amyloid-beta peptide aggregation that contributes to degeneration of cholinergic neurons. Even though the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear, recent in vitro evidence supports a protective role for estrogens against several neurotoxic agents. Here we report that, in a murine cholinergic cell line(More)
Although oestrogen [17 beta-estradiol (E2)]-related neuroprotection has been demonstrated in different models, the involvement of non-classical oestrogen receptors (ERs) remains unexplored. Using the SN56 cholinergic cell line, we present evidence indicating that an ER associated with the plasma membrane participates in oestrogen-dependent inhibition of(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a major mediator of the exercise response and a molecular target to improve insulin sensitivity. To determine if the anaerobic component of the exercise response, which is exaggerated when sprint is performed in severe acute hypoxia, influences sprint exercise-elicited Thr(172)-AMPKα phosphorylation, 10 volunteers(More)
Evidence for a protective role of estradiol in neurodegenerative diseases has steadily increased over the past decade, though the mechanisms of action and the participation of true estrogen receptors (ERs) have proven a complex score. The protective effects of estrogens take place partly through pathways involving canonical ER activation, which is(More)
This study aimed at determining the effects of bed rest on the skeletal muscle leptin signaling system. Deltoid and vastus lateralis muscle biopsies and blood samples were obtained from 12 healthy young men (mean ± SD, BMI 22.8 ± 2.7 kg/m2) before and after 7 days of bed rest. Leptin receptor isoforms (OB-Rs), suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) and(More)