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BACKGROUND An unmet need exists for interferon-free and ribavirin-free treatments for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In this study, we assessed all-oral therapy with daclatasvir (NS5A replication complex inhibitor) plus asunaprevir (NS3 protease inhibitor) in patients with genotype 1b infection, including those with high unmet needs or(More)
UNLABELLED Interferon lambda 1 (IFN-lambda1) is a type III IFN that produces intracellular responses similar to those of IFN-alpha but in fewer cell types because of differences in the receptor distribution pattern, and this could potentially result in an improved safety profile. This was an open-label three-part study of patients with chronic hepatitis C(More)
To determine whether peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) contain replicating forms of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and to define which cell subset may be permissive for viral replication, we analyzed the PBMC DNA from 14 carriers positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) by Southern blot hybridization. HBV-related DNA, which was present(More)
PURPOSE This article describes the use of sialoendoscopy for diagnosis and treatment of strictures and kinks in the major salivary glands ducts. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-four salivary glands with obstruction were diagnosed as having ductal kinks or strictures. Strictures were diagnosed by sialography and sialoendoscopy, kinks were diagnosed mainly by(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has emerged as a major pathogen among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Morbidity and mortality were compared among 263 patients with HIV alone, 166 patients with HIV and HCV, and 60 patients with HCV alone (mean duration of follow-up, 2 years and 10 months). No differences in HIV loads and CD4 cells counts were(More)
In this study, peripheral-blood mononuclear cells from patients with chronic hepatitis B and spontaneous or therapy-induced disappearance of HBsAg were examined for HBV DNA. Samples were evaluated by in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction both before and after clearance of HBsAg. By in situ hybridization, positive signals were observed in 2 of(More)
Activation of death receptors and mitochondrial damage are well-described common apoptotic pathways. Recently, a novel pathway via endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been reported. We assessed the role of tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) in inhibition of caspase-12 activation and its effect on calcium homeostasis in an ER stress-induced model of(More)
The Env glycoproteins of retroviruses play an important role in the initial steps of infection involving the binding to cell surface receptors and entry by membrane fusion. The Env glycoprotein also plays an important role in viral assembly at a late step of infection. Although the Env glycoprotein interacts with viral matrix proteins and cellular proteins(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interrelationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication and the stage of hepatocyte proliferation and differentiation may play an important role in the pathogenesis of HBV infection. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of hepatocyte proliferation and/or cell arrest on HBV replication. METHODS Hepatoblastoma cells(More)