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The AKT/PI3K/mTOR pathway is frequently altered in a range of human tumours, including bladder cancer. Here we report the phenotype of mice characterised by deletion of two key players in mTOR regulation, Pten and Lkb1, in a range of tissues including the mouse urothelium. Despite widespread recombination within the range of epithelial tissues, the primary(More)
The Lkb1 tumour suppressor is a multitasking kinase participating in a range of physiological processes. We have determined the impact of Lkb1 deficiency on intestinal homeostasis, particularly focussing on secretory cell differentiation and development since we observe strong expression of Lkb1 in normal small intestine Paneth and goblet cells. We crossed(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS LKB1 is a serine-threonine kinase, mutation of which can lead to the development of multiple benign intestinal hamartomas (Peutz-Jeghers syndrome). In this study, the authors investigate the mechanisms underlying this phenotype by exploring the transcriptional changes associated with Lkb1 deletion in intestinal epithelium. METHODS The(More)
Loss of the of the maintenance methyltransferase xDNMT1 during Xenopus development results in premature transcription and activation of a p53-dependent apoptotic program that accounts for embryo lethality. Here, we show that activation of the apoptotic response is signalled through the methyl-CpG binding protein xMBD4 and the mismatch repair pathway protein(More)
Brg1 is a chromatin remodeling factor involved in mediation of a plethora of signaling pathways leading to its participation in various physiological processes both during development and in adult tissues. Among other signaling pathways, the Wnt pathway has been proposed to require Brg1 for transactivation of its target genes. Given the pivotal role of the(More)
CLIC proteins are components or regulators of novel intracellular anion channels in mammalian cells, and previous studies have suggested that human nuclear membrane-associated CLIC1 and mouse inner mitochondrial membrane CLIC4 are involved in cell division and apoptosis. We have isolated Xenopus homologues of CLIC1 and CLIC4 and shown them to be well(More)
Tumourigenesis within the intestine is potently driven by deregulation of the Wnt pathway, a process epigenetically regulated by the chromatin remodelling factor Brg1. We aimed to investigate this interdependency in an in vivo setting and assess the viability of Brg1 as a potential therapeutic target. Using a range of transgenic approaches, we deleted Brg1(More)
251 Dimebon was originally designed in Russia as an antihistamine drug but it experienced a revival of interest in connection with neurodegenerative disorr ders since it showed high therapeutic effect during the Phase II clinical trial in patients with Alzheimer's diss ease [1]. Phase III trial resulted in a less positive outt come due to an unusually high(More)
We describe in this review increasing evidence that loss of LKB1 kinase in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) derails the existing natural balance between cell survival and tumour growth suppression. LKB1 deletion can plunge cells into an energy/oxidative stress-induced crisis which leads to the activation of alternative and often carcinogenic pathways to(More)