Boris Matija Peterlin

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Adequate control of HIV requires impairing the infection, replication and spread of the virus, no small task given the extraordinary capacity of HIV to exploit the cell's molecular machinery in the course of infection. Understanding the dynamic interplay of host cell and virus is essential to the effort to eradicate HIV.
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has limited the replication and spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, despite treatment, HIV infection persists in latently infected reservoirs, and once therapy is interrupted, viral replication rebounds quickly. Extensive efforts are being directed at eliminating these cell reservoirs. This(More)
Cellular restriction factors help to defend humans against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV accessory proteins hijack at least three different Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases, which must be activated by the small ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8, in order to counteract host cellular restriction factors. We found that conjugation of NEDD8 to Cullin-5 by the(More)
The ability of HIV to establish long-lived latent infection is mainly due to transcriptional silencing of viral genome in resting memory T lymphocytes. Here, we show that new semi-synthetic ingenol esters reactivate latent HIV reservoirs. Amongst the tested compounds, 3-caproyl-ingenol (ING B) was more potent in reactivating latent HIV than known activators(More)
Autoimmune regulator (AIRE) is a transcription factor that induces the expression of a large subset of otherwise strictly tissue restricted antigens in medullary thymic epithelial cells, thereby enabling their presentation to developing T cells for negative selection. Mutations in AIRE lead to autoimmune-polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy(More)
The high affinity Fc receptor (FcRI) of a human monocytic cell line, U937, was further characterized using a previously described murine monoclonal antibody, FcRmAb32. This antibody immunoprecipitated a 70 K cell surface glycoprotein. A solid phase ligand binding assay and a solid phase immunoprecipitation assay were combined to confirm that the 70 K cell(More)
HIV-1 infection of the central nervous system causes HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders, even in aviremic patients. Although astrocyte malfunction was associated to these disorders, their implication is overshadowed by contributions of microglia and macrophages. Astrocytes are infected with HIV-1 in vivo and express a relevant amount of viral protein(More)
Nef proteins from all primate Lentiviruses, including the simian immunodeficiency virus of chimpanzees (SIVcpz), increase viral progeny infectivity. However, the function of Nef involved with the increase in viral infectivity is still not completely understood. Nonetheless, until now, studies investigating the functions of Nef from SIVcpz have been(More)
Procedural modifications facilitating the immunoprecipitation of cell surface-associated glycoproteins by monoclonal antibodies are presented. The use of complexes of antibodies coupled to protein A-Sepharose in place of antibodies directly coupled to Sepharose, and the inclusion of ATP and salt in the lysis buffer, is shown to markedly reduce the(More)
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