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Actinomycetales are known to produce various secondary metabolites including products with surface-active and emulsifying properties known as biosurfactants. In this study, the nonpathogenic actinomycetes Tsukamurella spumae and Tsukamurella pseudospumae are described as producers of extracellular trehalose lipid biosurfactants when grown on sunflower oil(More)
Nanoparticles (NPs) are decorated with proteins and other biomolecules when they get into contact with biological systems. The presence of proteins in cell culture medium can therefore have effects on the biological outcome in cell-based tests. In this study, the manufactured nanomaterials silicon dioxide (SiO(2)), titanium dioxide (TiO(2)), iron-III-oxide(More)
Proteinaceous conditioning films (pCFs) are thought to play a key role in microbial adhesion, leading to the fouling of technical and biomedical devices and biofilm formation, which in turn causes material damage or persistent infections, respectively. However, little is definitively known about the process of surface conditioning via proteins. Herein, we(More)
Some bacterial life states are only difficult to describe and to detect because they are on the border of active metabolism. A prominent example is the so-called viable but non-culturable state, which is mainly characterized by the inability of bacteria to grow on synthetic media. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry(More)
Alloantibodies are known to influence transplant outcomes. Apart from human leukocyte antigens (HLA), non-HLA targets have been suggested to play a significant role, but little is known about their nature. Here, we present a novel method for identification and characterization of cell surface antigens bound by alloreactive antibodies. Our method consists of(More)
Activation of phototransduction in the compound eye of Drosophila is mediated by a heterotrimeric G protein that couples to the effector enzyme phospholipase Cbeta. The gamma subunit of this G protein (Ggammae) as well as gamma subunits of vertebrate transducins contain a carboxyl-terminal CAAX motif (C, cysteine; A, aliphatic amino acid; X, any amino acid)(More)
Since it was found that p53 is highly expressed in murine embryonic stem cells, it remained a mystery whether p53 is active in this cell type. We show that a significant part of p53 is localised in the nucleus of murine embryonic stem cells and that the majority of this nuclear p53 is bound to DNA. According to its nuclear localisation, we show that p53(More)
Microorganisms produce a great variety of secondary metabolites that feature surface active and bioactive properties. Those possessing an amphiphilc molecular structure are also termed biosurfactant and are of great interest due to their often unique properties. Rouxiella sp. DSM 100043 is a gram negative enterobacter isolated from peat-bog soil and(More)
A capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (CE-ESI-TOF-MS) method for characterisation of non-covalent protein complexes is described using a coaxial liquid sheath-flow sprayer. The CE capillary was connected to the mass spectrometer using a commercial CE-MS sprayer mounted on a ceramic holder of the ESI interface(More)