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The evolution of colony size in social insects is influenced by both extrinsic and colony-intrinsic factors. An important intrinsic trait, per-capita productivity, often declines in larger colonies. This pattern, known as Michener’s paradox, can limit the growth of insect societies. In this study, we first describe this problem, survey its occurrence across(More)
While the extraordinary life span of queens and division of labor in eusocial societies have been well studied, it is less clear which selective forces act on the short life span of workers. The disparity of life span between the queen and the workers is linked to a basic issue in sociobiology: How are the resources in a colony allocated between colony(More)
The extraordinarily long lifespans of queens (and kings) in eusocial insects and the strikingly large differences in life expectancy between workers and queens challenge our understanding of the evolution of aging and provide unique opportunities for studying the causes underlying adaptive variation in lifespan within species. Here we review the major(More)
Variation in life history can reflect genetic differences, and may be caused by environmental effects on phenotypes. Understanding how these two sources of life history variation interact to express an optimal allocation of resources in a changing environment is central to life history theory. This study addresses variation in the allocation of resources to(More)
We present results on stabilization for reduced order models (ROM) of partial differential equations using learning. Stabilization is achieved via closure models for ROMs, where we use a model-free extremum seeking (ES) dither-based algorithm to learn the best closure models' parameters, for optimal ROM stabilization. We first propose to auto-tune linear(More)
Hydra present an interesting deviation from typical life histories: they have an extensive capacity to regenerate and self-renew and seem to defy the aging process. Hydra have the ability to decouple the aging process from their life history and therefore provide us with a unique opportunity to gain insight into the aging process not only for basal(More)
Eusociality has been recognized as a strong driver of lifespan evolution. While queens show extraordinary lifespans of 20years and more, worker lifespan is short and variable. A recent comparative study found that in eusocial species with larger average colony sizes the disparities in the lifespans of the queen and the worker are also greater, which(More)
We present some results on stabilization for reduced-order models (ROMs) of partial differential equations. The stabilization is achieved using Lyapunov theory to design a new closure model that is robust to parametric uncertainties. The free parameters in the proposed ROM stabilization method are optimized using a model-free multi-parametric extremum(More)
The question on how individuals allocate resources into maintenance and reproduction is one of the central questions in life history theory. Yet, resource allocation into maintenance on the organismic level can only be measured indirectly. This is different in a social insect colony, a "superorganism" where workers represent the soma and the queen the germ(More)