Boris Gramatikov

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We develop the Pediatric Vision Screener (PVS) to automatically detect ocular misalignment (strabismus) and defocus in human subjects. The PVS utilizes binocular retinal birefringence scanning to determine when both eyes are aligned, with a theoretical accuracy of <1 deg. The device employs an autoconjugate, bull's-eye detector-based system to detect focus.(More)
Correspondence: bgramat@jhmi. edu Laboratory of Ophthalmic Optics, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Wilmer Rm. 233, 600 N. Wolfe St. Baltimore, MD 21287 Abstract David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam, Eds.: Handbook of Biomedical Optics CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York,(More)
Previous studies have suggested that anodal pacing enhances electrical conduction in the heart near the pacing site. It was hypothesized that enhanced conduction by anodal pacing would also enhance ventricular pressure in the heart. Left ventricular pressure measurements were made in isolated, Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts by means of a Millar pressure(More)
We recently developed and reported an eye fixation monitor that detects the fovea by its radial orientation of birefringent nerve fibers. The instrument used a four-quadrant photodetector and a normalized difference function to check for a best match between the detector quadrants and the arms of the bow-tie pattern of polarization states surrounding the(More)
In a pilot study, electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings of patients with left and right coronary stenosis taken before and after angioplasty were analyzed using the continuous wavelet transform. Time-frequency distributions were obtained for different leads in order to examine the dynamics of the QRS-spectrum and establish features specific of ischemia in(More)
The paper reports experience of flexible, computer-based instrumentation for high-resolution ECG, designed for laboratory research and clinical applications. It is an attempt to improve methods of detection of late potentials when identifying patients at increased risk of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death. Several factors influencing the(More)
For the purpose of vision screening, we develop an eye fixation monitor that detects the fovea by its unique radial orientation of birefringent Henle fibers. Polarized near-infrared light is reflected from the foveal area in a bow-tie pattern of polarization states, similar to the Haidinger brush phenomenon. In contrast to previous devices that used(More)
Amblyopia ("lazy eye") is a major public health problem, caused by misalignment of the eyes (strabismus) or defocus. If detected early in childhood, there is an excellent response to therapy, yet most children are detected too late to be treated effectively. Commercially available vision screening devices that test for amblyopia's primary causes can detect(More)
We present an improved method for remote eye-fixation detection, using a polarization-modulated approach to retinal birefringence scanning (RBS), without the need for individual calibration or separate background measurements and essentially independent of corneal birefringence. Polarization-modulated RBS detects polarization changes generated in modulated(More)
Amblyopia is a form of visual impairment caused by ocular misalignment (strabismus) or defocus in an otherwise healthy eye. If detected early, the condition can be fully treated, yet over half of all children with amblyopia under age 5 escape detection. We developed a Pediatric Vision Screener (PVS) to detect amblyopia risk factors. This instrument produces(More)