Boris Eliseev

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Analysis of the structures of two complexes of 5 S rRNA with homologous ribosomal proteins, Escherichia coli L25 and Thermus thermophilus TL5, revealed that amino acid residues interacting with RNA can be divided into two different groups. The first group consists of non-conserved residues, which form intermolecular hydrogen bonds accessible to solvent. The(More)
Although some data link archaeal and eukaryotic translation, the overall mechanism of protein synthesis in archaea remains largely obscure. Both archaeal (aRF1) and eukaryotic (eRF1) single release factors recognize all three stop codons. The archaeal genus Methanosarcinaceae contains two aRF1 homologs, and also uses the UAG stop to encode the 22nd amino(More)
Release factor eRF1 plays a key role in the termination of protein synthesis in eukaryotes. The eRF1 consists of three domains (N, M and C) that perform unique roles in termination. Previous studies of eRF1 point mutants and standard/variant code eRF1 chimeras unequivocally demonstrated a direct involvement of the highly conserved N-domain motifs (NIKS,(More)
In eukaryotes a single class-1 translation termination factor eRF1 decodes the three stop codons: UAA, UAG and UGA. Some ciliates, like Euplotes, have a variant code, and here eRF1s exhibit UAR-only specificity, whereas UGA is reassigned as a sense codon. Since eukaryote eRF1 stop-codon recognition is associated with its N-terminal domain, structural(More)
The effects of amino acid replacements in the RNA-binding sites of homologous ribosomal proteins TL5 and L25 (members of the CTC family) on ability of these proteins to form stable complexes with ribosomal 5S RNA were studied. It was shown that even three simultaneous replacements of non-conserved amino acid residues by alanine in the RNA-binding site of(More)
Poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) is a major component of the messenger RNA-protein complex. PABP is able to bind the poly(A) tail of mRNA, as well as translation initiation factor 4G and eukaryotic release factor 3a (eRF3a). PABP has been found to stimulate translation initiation and to inhibit nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. Using a reconstituted mammalian in(More)
We have determined the type of stop codon specificity of Blepharisma japonicum translation termination factor eRF1 in an in vitro reconstituted eukaryotic translation system and in in vivo assay (the dual reporter system). We have shown that B. japonicum eRF1 retained specificity towards all three stop codons although efficiency of peptydyl-tRNA hydrolysis(More)
Eukaryotic translation termination is mediated by two interacting release factors, eukaryotic class 1 release factor (eRF1) and eukaryotic class 3 release factor (eRF3), which act cooperatively to ensure efficient stop codon recognition and fast polypeptide release. eRF1 consisting of three well-defined functional domains recognizes all three mRNA stop(More)
The high-resolution NMR structure of the N-domain of human eRF1, responsible for stop codon recognition, has been determined in solution. The overall fold of the protein is the same as that found in the crystal structure. However, the structures of several loops, including those participating in stop codon decoding, are different. Analysis of the NMR(More)
At present, driving simulators show virtual worlds on flat computer screens, and one of the key trainee's skills to be developed is the accuracy of distance estimation for distant objects. The paper describes experiments comparing the accuracy of height (100-300 m) and distance (700-1000 m) estimation for virtual objects on the flat screen and in the(More)
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