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We demonstrate relay attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start (PKES) systems used in modern cars. We build two efficient and inexpensive attack realizations, wired and wireless physical-layer relays, that allow the attacker to enter and start a car by relaying messages between the car and the smart key. Our relays are completely independent of the(More)
Identification of wireless sensor nodes based on the characteristics of their radio transmissions can provide an additional layer of security in all-wireless multi-hop sensor networks. Reliable identification can be means for the detection and/or prevention of wormhole, Sybil and replication attacks, and can complement cryptographic message authentication(More)
Physical-layer identification of wireless devices, commonly referred to as Radio Frequency (RF) fingerprinting, is the process of identifying a device based on transmission imperfections exhibited by its radio transceiver. It can be used to improve access control in wireless networks, revent device cloning and complement message authentication protocols.(More)
Physical-layer device identification aims at identifying wireless devices during radio communication by exploiting unique characteristics of their analog (radio) circuitry. This work systematizes the existing knowledge on this topic in order to enable a better understanding of device identification, its implications on the analysis and design of security(More)
We explore the suitability of Dolev-Yao-based attacker models for the security analysis of wireless communication. The Dolev-Yao model is commonly used for wireline and wireless networks. It is defined on abstract messages exchanged between entities and includes arbitrary, real-time modification of messages by the attacker. In this work, we aim at(More)
In this work we perform the first comprehensive study of physical-layer identification of RFID transponders. We propose several techniques for the extraction of RFID physical-layer fingerprints. We show that RFID transponders can be accurately identified in a controlled environment based on stable fingerprints corresponding to their physical-layer(More)
The integration of Trusted Computing technologies into virtualized computing environments enables the hardware-based protection of private information and the detection of malicious software. Their use in virtual platforms, however, requires appropriate virtualization of their main component, the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) by means of virtual TPMs(More)